Karl J. A. McCullagh

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Aging skeletal muscles suffer a steady decline in mass and functional performance, and compromised muscle integrity as fibrotic invasions replace contractile tissue, accompanied by a characteristic loss in the fastest, most powerful muscle fibers. The same programmed deficits in muscle structure and function are found in numerous neurodegenerative syndromes(More)
Localized synthesis of insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) has been broadly implicated in skeletal muscle growth, hypertrophy and regeneration. Virally delivered IGF-1 genes induce local skeletal muscle hypertrophy and attenuate age-related skeletal muscle atrophy, restoring and improving muscle mass and strength in mice. Here we show that the molecular(More)
Calcineurin (Cn) signaling has been implicated in nerve activity-dependent fiber type specification in skeletal muscle, but the downstream effector pathway has not been established. We have investigated the role of the transcription factor nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT), a major target of Cn, by using an in vivo transfection approach in(More)
The calcium-activated phosphatase calcineurin (Cn) transduces physiological signals through intracellular pathways to influence the expression of specific genes. Here, we characterize a naturally occurring splicing variant of the CnAbeta catalytic subunit (CnAbeta1) in which the autoinhibitory domain that controls enzyme activation is replaced with a unique(More)
Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) is a devastating, progressive muscle wasting disease for which there is currently no effective treatment. DMD is caused by mutations in the dystrophin gene many of which result in the absence of the large cytoskeletal protein dystrophin at the sarcolemma. Over-expression of utrophin, the autosomal paralogue of dystrophin,(More)
Although successful, drug-eluting stents require significant periods of dual anti-platelet therapy with a persistent risk of late stent thrombosis due to inhibition of re-endothelialization. Endothelial regeneration is desirable to protect against in-stent thrombosis. Gene-eluting stents may be an alternative allowing inhibition of neointima and(More)
27 What genetic defect could cause children to develop symptoms as diverse as fever, splenomegaly, hepatomegaly, pancytopenia, coagulation and neurological abnormalities? In the 3 December issue of Science, Stepp et al. report that this disorder, known as familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (FHL), is associated with defects in the gene encoding(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of chronic low frequency stimulation on the lactate transport across the plasma membrane of the tibialis anterior (TA) muscle of the rat. Stimulating electrodes were implanted on either side of the peroneal nerve in one hindlimb. Chronic stimulation (10 Hz, 50 psec bursts, 24 h/day) commenced 7 days after(More)
Syncoilin is an atypical type III intermediate filament (IF) protein, which is expressed in muscle and is associated with the dystrophin-associated protein complex. Here, we show that syncoilin is expressed in both the central and peripheral nervous systems. Isoform Sync1 is dominant in the brain, but isoform Sync2 is dominant in the spinal cord and sciatic(More)