Karl Horvath

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BACKGROUND Despite indications from epidemiological trials that higher blood glucose concentrations are associated with a higher risk for developing micro- and macrovascular complications, evidence for a beneficial effect of antihyperglycaemic therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus is conflicting. Two large studies, the United Kingdom Prospective(More)
Although it is the focus of a growing number of scholars in communication, computer science, psychology, and cognitive science, there is little agreement concerning the nature and measurement of presence. Marvin Minsky (1980) used the term "telepresence" to refer to teleoperation technology that provides the user with a "remote presence" in a different(More)
OBJECTIVE To summarise the benefits and harms of treatments for women with gestational diabetes mellitus. DESIGN Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. DATA SOURCES Embase, Medline, AMED, BIOSIS, CCMed, CDMS, CDSR, CENTRAL, CINAHL, DARE, HTA, NHS EED, Heclinet, SciSearch, several publishers' databases, and reference lists(More)
We compared the effects of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) with those of multiple daily insulin (MDI) injections on glycaemic control, risk of hypoglycaemic episodes, insulin requirements and adverse events in type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus. The electronic databases MEDLINE, EMBASE and CENTRAL were systematically searched for randomised(More)
BACKGROUND Short acting insulin analogue use for diabetic patients is still controversial, as reflected in many scientific debates. OBJECTIVES To assess the effects of short acting insulin analogues versus regular human insulin. SEARCH STRATEGY The Cochrane Library (Issue 3, 2005), MEDLINE, EMBASE until September 2005. SELECTION CRITERIA Randomised(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical guidelines differ regarding their recommended blood glucose targets for patients with type 1 diabetes and recent studies on patients with type 2 diabetes suggest that aiming at very low targets can increase the risk of mortality. OBJECTIVES To assess the effects of intensive versus conventional glycaemic targets in patients with type 1(More)
BACKGROUND Atrial septal aneurysm is frequently associated with patent foramen ovale (PFO) and atrial septal defects (ASD). Moreover, a relationship between atrial septal aneurysm and embolic cerebrovascular events has been suggested. The aims of this study were to analyze morphological and functional characteristics of atrial septal aneurysm in PFO and ASD(More)
BACKGROUND This article compares the effect of treatment with short-acting insulin (SAI) analogues vs regular insulin on glycemic control, hypoglycemic episodes, quality of life, and diabetes-specific complications. METHODS Electronic searches (Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, and EMBASE) and additional searching (pharmaceutical companies, experts, approval(More)
This study was conducted to evaluate the long-term outcome of a structured outpatient diabetes teaching and treatment programme (DTTP) for intensified insulin therapy in patients with Type 1 diabetes, which aims to improve metabolic control without increasing the risk of severe hypoglycaemia. All 123 diabetic outpatients (age 41±14 years; 64 women; BMI(More)