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The present study examined the effects of a 5-min period of swim stress experienced between a flavor (saccharin) and illness (LiCl) on conditioned taste aversion learning. Experiment 1 obtained a stress-induced attenuation of learning. Experiment 2 replicated the findings of Experiment 1, and also obtained a similar attenuation when stress was administered(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple epiphyseal dysplasia (MED) is a common genetically and clinically heterogeneous skeletal dysplasia characterized by early-onset osteoarthritis, mainly in the hip and knee, and mild-to-moderate short stature. Here we report on a 6-generation MED family with 17 affected members. METHOD The clinical and radiographic data on the 12(More)
BACKGROUND Mental Retardation is a common heterogeneous neurodevelopment condition, which causes are still largely elusive. It has been suggested that half of the phenotypic variation of intelligence is explained by genetic variation. And genetic or inherited factors indeed account for most of the cases of mental retardation with an identifiable cause.(More)
In a test of competing hypotheses regarding the effects of alcohol on shock-elicited aggression, animals maintained on a food restricted regimen were administered either chronic or acute ethanol challenges. Chronic Ss showed a significantly higher rate of target-directed aggression and spent significantly more time in aggressive activity than did acute or(More)
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