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BACKGROUND Increasing evidence implicates the critical roles of epigenetic regulation in cancer. Very recent reports indicate that global gene silencing in cancer is associated with specific epigenetic modifications. However, the relationship between epigenetic switches and more dynamic patterns of gene activation and repression has remained largely(More)
MicroRNAs play critical roles in tumorigenesis and metastasis. Here, we report the dual functions of miR-182 and miR-203 in our previously described prostate cell model. MiR-182 and miR-203 were completely repressed during epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) from prostate epithelial EP156T cells to the progeny mesenchymal nontransformed EPT1 cells.(More)
Cytokines act as chemical mediators during the inflammatory process. Measurements of cytokine levels in tissue have previously been performed in homogenized tissue, but the true concentrations in native interstitial fluid (ISF), i.e., the compartment where cytokines exert their biologically active role, have remained unknown. The role of skeletal muscle(More)
TCF11 is a ubiquitous transcription factor of the CNC-bZIP family. The activity of this vital protein is strictly regulated and we have previously published that the two major translated protein forms show a clearly different transactivation ability in transient transfections. Only the full-length form is active in a variety of mammalian cells [J. Biol.(More)
The precise localization of transcribed DNA and resulting RNA is an important aspect of the functional architecture of the nucleus. To this end we have developed a novel in situ hybridization approach in combination with immunoelectron microscopy, using sense and anti-sense RNA probes that are derived from total cellular or cytoplasmic poly(A+) RNA. This(More)
Tumor hypoxia is relevant for tumor growth, metabolism and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT). We report that hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) treatment induced mesenchymal-to-epithelial transition (MET) in a dimethyl-alpha-benzantracene induced mammary rat adenocarcinoma model, and the MET was associated with extensive coordinated gene expression changes(More)
Bone marrow angiogenesis is suggested to play a role in the pathogenesis of acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) and endothelial cells may mediate chemosensitivity. This study investigated in vitro endothelial effects of coculture of microvascular endothelial cells (MVEC) with AML cells derived from 33 consecutive AML patients. A proliferation assay showed that(More)
To define the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) RNA maturation pathways, we analyzed the intracellular distribution of HIV-1 RNA and the viral regulatory proteins Rev and Tat in transfected COS cells and HIV-1-infected lymphoid C8166 cells by means of ultrastructural in situ hybridization using antisense RNA probes and immunoelectron microscopy.(More)
During the last decade, several large clinical studies have demonstrated that analysis of chromosomal abnormalities is an essential basis for therapeutic decisions in patients with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML), and cytogenetic studies should now be regarded as mandatory both for routine treatment and as a part of clinical investigations in AML. However,(More)