Karl Heinz Krause

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The ability of Staphylococcus aureus to invade mammalian cells may explain its capacity to colonize mucosa and to persist in tissues after bacteraemia. To date, the underlying molecular mechanisms of cellular invasion by S. aureus are unknown, despite its high prevalence and difficulties in treatment. Here, we show cellular invasion as a novel function for(More)
Superoxide and its derivatives are increasingly implicated in the regulation of physiological functions from oxygen sensing and blood pressure regulation to lymphocyte activation and sperm-oocyte fusion. Here we describe a novel superoxide-generating NADPH oxidase referred to as NADPH oxidase 5 (NOX5). NOX5 is distantly related to the gp91(phox) subunit of(More)
The widely distributed and highly conserved Ca(2+)-binding protein calreticulin has been suggested to play a role as a Ca2+ storage protein of intracellular Ca+ stores. To test this hypothesis, we have generated a mouse L fibroblast cell line stably transfected with a calreticulin expression vector. The calreticulin content of the overexpressers was(More)
Efficient mechanisms of H(+) ion extrusion are crucial for normal NADPH oxidase function. However, whether the NADPH oxidase-in analogy with mitochondrial cytochromes-has an inherent H(+) channel activity remains uncertain: electrophysiological studies did not find altered H(+) currents in cells from patients with chronic granulomatous disease (CGD),(More)
Developmental toxicity in vitro assays have hitherto been established as stand-alone systems, based on a limited number of toxicants. Within the embryonic stem cell-based novel alternative tests project, we developed a test battery framework that allows inclusion of any developmental toxicity assay and that explores the responses of such test systems to a(More)
Electron transport across biological membranes is a well-known feature of bacteria, mitochondria and chloroplasts, where it provides motive forces for vectorial transport processes. In contrast, electron transport is generally not found in the plasma membrane of eukaryotic cells, possibly because it would interfere with electric processes at the plasma(More)
The antiapoptotic protein Bcl-2 localizes not only to mitochondria but also to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). However, the function of Bcl-2 at the level of the ER is poorly understood. In this study, we have investigated the effects of Bcl-2 expression on Ca(2+) storage and release by the ER. The expression of Bcl-2 decreased the amount of Ca(2+) that(More)
1. To determine whether conductive pathways contribute to the H+ efflux from granulocytes, we used the whole-cell patch-clamp technique combined with microfluorimetric determinations of cytosolic pH (pHi) in single, dimethylsulphoxide-differentiated HL-60 cells. 2. In voltage-clamp mode, depolarization of the cell from the resting potential (around -60 mV)(More)
Staphylococcus aureus invasion of mammalian cells, including epithelial, endothelial, and fibroblastic cells, critically depends on fibronectin bridging between S. aureus fibronectin-binding proteins (FnBPs) and the host fibronectin receptor integrin alpha(5)beta(1) (B. Sinha et al., Cell. Microbiol. 1:101-117, 1999). However, it is unknown whether this(More)
The role of the cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]c) and its relationship to other second messengers in the signalling between chemoattractant [e.g. N-formyl-l-methionyl-l-leucyl-l-phenylalanine (fMLP)] receptors and the NADPH oxidase is still poorly understood. In this study, we have used thapsigargin, an inhibitor of the Ca2+-ATPase of(More)