Karl Heinz Grzeschik

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The dominant mouse mutant extra toes (Xt) is characterized by preaxial and postaxial polydactyly of the feet and a white belly spot. An interfrontal bone is present in the skull in 90% of heterozygotes compared with 50% of normal mice. Homozygous Xt/Xt embryos exhibit multiple skeletal defects, extreme polydactyly in both foreand hindlimbs, and(More)
Recently mutations in the LGI1 (leucine-rich, glioma-inactivated 1) gene have been found in human temporal lobe epilepsy. We have now identified three formerly unknown LGI-like genes. Hydropathy plots and pattern analysis showed that LGI genes encode proteins with large extra- and intracellular domains connected by a single transmembrane region. Sequence(More)
DNA sequence and annotation of the entire human chromosome 7, encompassing nearly 158 million nucleotides of DNA and 1917 gene structures, are presented. To generate a higher order description, additional structural features such as imprinted genes, fragile sites, and segmental duplications were integrated at the level of the DNA sequence with medical(More)
Brachydactyly (BD) type A2 is an autosomal dominant hand malformation characterized by shortening and lateral deviation of the index fingers and, to a variable degree, shortening and deviation of the first and second toes. We performed linkage analysis in two unrelated German families and mapped a locus for BD type A2 to 4q21-q25. This interval includes the(More)
The Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS) is a complex developmental disorder with multisystemic manifestations including supravalvular aortic stenosis (SVAS), a so-called elfin face, a hoarse voice, and a specific cognitive phenotype. Most WBS patients have a >1 Mb deletion on one of their chromosomes 7 in q11 but except for elastin, whose haploinsufficiency(More)
The zinc-finger transcription factor GLI3 acts during vertebrate development in a combinatorial, context-dependent fashion as a primary transducer of sonic hedgehog (SHH) signaling. In humans, mutations affecting this key regulator of development are associated with GLI3-morphopathies, a group of congenital malformations in which forebrain and limb(More)
The zinc-finger transcription factor GLI3 is a key regulator of development, acting as a primary transducer of Sonic hedgehog (SHH) signaling in a combinatorial context dependent fashion controlling multiple patterning steps in different tissues/organs. A tight temporal and spatial control of gene expression is indispensable, however, cis-acting sequence(More)
Acrocallosal syndrome (ACS) is an autosomal recessive condition, characterized by agenesis of the corpus callosum, pre- and postaxial polydactyly, minor craniofacial anomalies, and, in most patients, severe psychomotor retardation. We here report on three patients with ACS demonstrating a spectrum from mild to severe involvement. Two patients had only mild(More)
Ichthyosis follicularis with atrichia and photophobia (IFAP syndrome) is a rare X-linked, oculocutaneous human disorder. Here, we assign the IFAP locus to the 5.4 Mb region between DXS989 and DXS8019 on Xp22.11-p22.13 and provide evidence that missense mutations exchanging highly conserved amino acids of membrane-bound transcription factor protease, site 2(More)