Karl-Heinz Frosch

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BACKGROUND A trend toward young women being at greatest risk for primary and recurrent dislocation of the patella is evident in the current literature. However, a causative factor is missing, and differences in the anatomical risk factors between men and women are less defined. PURPOSE To identify differences between the sexes in the anatomy of lateral(More)
PURPOSE The objective of this study was to analyze the injury patterns of the medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) in acute lateral patellar dislocations (LPDs) considering the anatomically relevant factors of patellar instability. METHODS Knee magnetic resonance images were collected from 73 patients within 7 weeks after LPD, and the injury patterns of(More)
The selection of a surgical approach for the treatment of tibia plateau fractures is an important decision. Approximately 7% of all tibia plateau fractures affect the posterolateral corner. Displaced posterolateral tibia plateau fractures require anatomic articular reduction and buttress plate fixation on the posterior aspect. These aims are difficult to(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the clinical outcomes and risks of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) surgery in children and adolescents. METHODS We electronically searched Medline, the Cochrane Controlled Trial Database, Embase, and Medpilot for studies on surgical treatment for ACL ruptures in skeletally immature patients. We(More)
PURPOSE The first aim was to compare medial patellofemoral ligament injury patterns in children and adolescents after first-time lateral patellar dislocations with the injury patterns in adults. The second aim was to evaluate the trochlear groove anatomy at different developmental stages of the growing knee joint. MATERIALS AND METHODS Knee magnetic(More)
The treatment of comminuted fractures of the radial head with concomitant injuries of the ulnar complex by resection of the radial head usually does not provide satisfactory long-term results. Other than joint instability in the elbow and a limited range of motion, radius proximalisation in the sense of ulnocarpal impingement, osteoarthritis and pain in the(More)
Bisphosphonates are potent antiresorptive drugs commonly employed in the treatment of metabolic bone diseases. Despite their frequent use, the mechanisms of bisphosphonates on bone cells have largely remained unclear. Receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB ligand (RANKL) is essential for osteoclast formation and activation, whereas osteoprotegerin(More)
Treatment of knee dislocation is still controversial. There is no evidence to favour ligament suture or reconstruction. Until now, no meta-analyses have examined suture versus reconstruction of cruciate ligaments in knee dislocations with respect to injury pattern and rupture classification. We searched Medline, the Cochrane Controlled Trial Database, and(More)
Femoral malrotation in total knee arthroplasty is correlated to an increased number of revisions. Anatomic landmarks such as Whiteside line, posterior condyle axis and transepicondylar axis are used for determining femoral component rotation. The femoral rotation achieved with the anatomical landmarks is compared to the femoral rotation achieved by a(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Autologous chondrocyte (CC) transplantation has the disadvantages of requiring two surgical interventions and in vitro expansion of cells, implying the risk of cellular dedifferentiation. Our clinical aim is to develop a one-step procedure for autologous CC transplantation, i.e. harvesting, isolation and reimplantation of CC performed in one(More)