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BACKGROUND Cardiosphere-derived cells (CDCs) reduce scarring after myocardial infarction, increase viable myocardium, and boost cardiac function in preclinical models. We aimed to assess safety of such an approach in patients with left ventricular dysfunction after myocardial infarction. METHODS In the prospective, randomised CArdiosphere-Derived(More)
Increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation is implicated in cardiac remodeling in heart failure (HF). As xanthine oxidoreductase (XOR) is 1 of the major sources of ROS, we tested whether XOR inhibition could improve cardiac performance and induce reverse remodeling in a model of established HF, the spontaneously hypertensive/HF (SHHF) rat. We(More)
BACKGROUND Neuronal nitric oxide synthase (NOS1) plays key cardiac physiological roles, regulating excitation-contraction coupling and exerting an antioxidant effect that maintains tissue NO-redox equilibrium. After myocardial infarction (MI), NOS1 translocates from the sarcoplasmic reticulum to the cell membrane, where it inhibits beta-adrenergic(More)
PURPOSE Detecting variations in myocardial water content with T2 mapping is superior to conventional T2 -weighted MRI since quantification enables direct observation of complicated pathology. Most commonly used T2 mapping techniques are limited in achievable spatial and/or temporal resolution, both of which reduce accuracy due to partial-volume averaging(More)
OBJECTIVE Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophies (DBMD) are allelic disorders caused by mutations in dystrophin. Adults with DBMD develop life-threatening cardiomyopathy. Inhibition of phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5) improves cardiac function in mouse models of DBMD. To determine whether the PDE5-inhibitor sildenafil benefits human dystrophinopathy, we(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical studies implementing late gadolinium-enhanced (LGE) cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) studies suggest that the peri-infarct zone (PIZ) contains a mixture of viable and non-viable myocytes, and is associated with greater susceptibility to ventricular tachycardia induction and adverse cardiac outcomes. However, CMR data assessing the(More)
Arginase-II (Arg-II) reciprocally regulates nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and offsets basal myocardial contractility. Furthermore, decreased or absent myocardial NOS activity is associated with a depression in myocardial contractile reserve. We therefore hypothesized that upregulation of Arg-II might in part be responsible for depressed myocardial(More)
We recently reported that mitochondrial dysfunction, characterized by increased mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT), was present in a translational swine model of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Cyclophilin D is a key component of the MPT pore, therefore, the purpose of this study was to test the efficacy of a novel(More)
Cell- and molecule-based therapeutic strategies to support wound healing and regeneration after myocardial infarction (MI) are under development. These emerging therapies aim at sustained preservation of ventricular function by enhancing tissue repair after myocardial ischaemia and reperfusion. Such therapies will benefit from guidance with regard to(More)
Electrical dyssynchrony is postulated to be one of the main factors contributing to non-response of patients to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). We applied inverse epicardial imaging computed from patient-specific geometry and body-surface potential recordings to assess global and regional electrical dyssynchrony. Patients were imaged pre- and(More)