Karl H. Pearson

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Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate is extracted from artificial kidneys, both in vivo and in vitro. Perfusion of whole blood through arterial-,venous tubing (that supplied with the dialyzer) for 1 h in vitro yielded 3.23 mg of the compound, while similar perfusion of the tubing plus the artificial kidney yielded 6.10 mg. Its mean concentration after dialysis in(More)
We describe methods for determination of manganese in whole blood and serum with Zeeman-effect flameless atomic absorption spectroscopy. These analyses are performed on a twofold or fourfold dilution of the specimen in Triton X-100, 1 g/L. No predigestion or extraction procedures are required. The method of standard additions was used for quantitation.(More)
Direct determination of cadmium in whole blood and urine can be achieved using Zeeman effect flameless atomic absorption spectroscopy. Within-run precision studies for whole blood cadmium determinations gave relative standard deviations of 11.3% and 6.3% for 0.53 micrograms/l and 3.16 micrograms/l, respectively. Within-run precision studies for the urine(More)
Direct determination of normal and elevated levels of chromium in whole blood and serum can be achieved using Zeeman effect electrothermal atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Whole blood and serum levels of chromium were determined for an apparently healthy population and whole blood chromium levels for renal dialysis patients. Blood and serum specimens(More)
A method was developed for the extraction and separation of human plasma carotenoids and quantitation of beta-carotene. Carotenoids were extracted from plasma with ethanol: hexane and separated by C18 reversed phase HPLC using spherical 3 micron packing. beta-Carotene was identified and quantitated using an external standard. The within-run precision of(More)
Methods are presented for the determination of copper in whole blood, plasma and serum using Zeeman effect flame and furnace atomic absorption spectroscopy. Three flame measurement modes were compared: continuous aspiration, microsampling in the peak height mode and microsampling in the peak area mode. The microsampler/peak area method was the most(More)
Acute renal failure was produced in animals and analytical procedures for DEHP estimation in urine and tissues of dogs developed. The presence of DEHP in urine samples of control and sham operated dogs indicated that significant excretion of this plasticizer by kidney occurred. Delay in elevation of DEHP serum levels in nephrectomized dogs and similar(More)
MANY analytical laboratories have available minicomputers or microcomputer systems which routinely find use for data analysis. Recent trends have been toward applying computers not only for computational capabilities, but also for on-line control and data .acquisition from actual analytical instru-mentation. Numerous analytical instruments are being(More)
We used polarized Zeeman-effect flameless atomic absorption spectroscopy to quantitatively measure cadmium, copper, lead, and manganese in a nitric acid digest of lyophilized human kidney cortex. Within-run coefficients of variation for cadmium, copper, lead, and manganese, 15.3, 177.2, 84.2, and 56.3 microgram/L, respectively, were 4.1, 6.3, 3.7, and 5.6%,(More)
Methods are presented for the determination of zinc in whole blood, plasma and serum using Zeeman effect flame atomic absorption spectroscopy and a flame microsampling funnel. Whole blood was diluted 1/25 with 0.10 mol/l hydrochloric acid; plasma and serum were diluted 1/5 with deionized water. Concentrations could be read directly from standards prepared(More)