Learn More
Although Ca2+-stimulated cAMP response element binding protein- (CREB-) dependent transcription has been implicated in growth, differentiation, and neuroplasticity, mechanisms for Ca2+-activated transcription have not been defined. Here, we report that extracellular signal-related protein kinase (ERK) signaling is obligatory for Ca2+-stimulated(More)
Recent studies suggest that the CREB-CRE transcriptional pathway is pivotal in the formation of some types of long-term memory. However, it has not been demonstrated that stimuli that induce learning and memory activate CRE-mediated gene expression. To address this issue, we used a mouse strain transgenic for a CRE-lac Z reporter to examine the effects of(More)
Activity-regulated gene expression is believed to play a key role in the development and refinement of neuronal circuitry. Nevertheless, the transcriptional networks that regulate synapse growth and plasticity remain largely uncharacterized. Here, we show that microRNA 132 (miR132) is an activity-dependent rapid response gene regulated by the cAMP response(More)
Although the circadian time-keeping properties of the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) require gene expression, little is known about the signal transduction pathways that initiate transcription. Here we report that a brief exposure to light during the subjective night, but not during the subjective day, activates the p44/42 mitogen-activated protein kinase(More)
Inducible gene expression plays a central role in neuronal plasticity, learning, and memory, and dysfunction of the underlying molecular events can lead to severe neuronal disorders. In addition to coding transcripts (mRNAs), non-coding microRNAs (miRNAs) appear to play a role in these processes. For instance, the CREB-regulated miRNA miR132 has been shown(More)
2ϩ /DAG GTP exhange factors [GEFs], NF1, is how neurons and synapses encode the long-term N-Ras, and B-Raf) is largely restricted to the CNS. An changes in synaptic efficacy that underlie memory con-initial clue to the role of the ERK/MAPK cascade in the solidation. A recent set of studies suggests that the CNS came from the observation that expression of(More)
A program of stringently-regulated gene expression is thought to be a fundamental component of the circadian clock. Although recent work has implicated a role for E-box-dependent transcription in circadian rhythmicity, the contribution of other enhancer elements has yet to be assessed. Here, we report that cells of the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) exhibit a(More)
Since its initial characterization over 20 years ago, there has been intense and unwavering interest in understanding the role of the transcription factor cAMP-responsive element binding protein (CREB) in nervous system physiology. Through an array of experimental approaches and model systems, researchers have begun to unravel the complex and multifaceted(More)
Activity-regulated transcription has been implicated in adaptive plasticity in the CNS. In many instances, this plasticity depends upon the transcription factor CREB. Precisely how neuronal activity regulates CREB remains unclear. To address this issue, we examined the phosphorylation state of components of the CREB transcriptional pathway. We show that(More)
The dual nature of the NMDA receptor as a mediator of excitotoxic cell death and activity-dependent cell survival likely results from divergent patterns of kinase activation, transcription factor activation, and gene expression. To begin to address this divergence, we examined cellular and molecular signaling events that couple excitotoxic and nontoxic(More)