Karl H. Marx

Learn More
Although conventional economic theory proposes that only the absolute levels of income and consumption matter for people’s utility, there is much evidence that relative concerns are often important. This paper uses a survey-experimental method to measure people’s perceptions of the degree to which such concerns matter, i.e. the degree of positionality.(More)
of Chapter 3 [Idealist mistakes & Materialist corrections] Idealist misconceptions On Hierachy On Religion Consciousness throughout history An idealist conception of Humans On Language & Idealism Individuality according to Materialism Individualism created Individualism in a class perspective Relation of individual to class interests The role of will in the(More)
The great significance of Marx's explanation is, that here too, he consistently applies materialist dialectics, the theory of development, and regards communism as something which develops out of capitalism. Instead of scholastically invented, 'concocted' definitions and fruitless disputes over words (What is socialism? What is communism?), Marx gives(More)
This paper examines the concern for relative standing among rural households in China. We use a survey-experimental method to measure to what extent poor Chinese farmers care about their relative income and find that the respondents care to a high degree. Compared to previous studies in developed countries, the concern for relative standing seems to be(More)
As norms and tastes adapt to the social conditions shaped by policy variables, voters’ opinions about these policies may evolve as well. We show how this process can lead to political instability. Moreover, if a politician’s platform is shaped opportunistically so as to gain the majority’s support, once in office the politician should not implement the(More)
This paper uses aggregate-level data, as well as case-studies, to trace the evolution of some key structural features of the Indian economy, relating both to the agricultural and the informal industrial sector. These aggregate trends are used to infer: (a) the dominant relations of production under which the vast majority of the Indian working people(More)
This thesis conducts a philosophical, theoretical, and practical exploration of digital technology design to examine how digital technologies can fulfill our twofacet of existentiality – identified in the thesis as belonginess and novelty. By belonginess, I identify human’s innate need for a feeling of connectedness and harmony with the self, others, and(More)
The purpose of this paper is to cast a new light on the post-Sombartian debate. As we know, Sombart (1916) thought that the invention of double-entry bookkeeping was essential to the birth of capitalism. Max Weber developed the same theme, but to a lesser extent. Accounting scholars have debated the idea quite extensively during the 20th century. All these(More)