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Although conventional economic theory proposes that only the absolute levels of income and consumption matter for people's utility, there is much evidence that relative concerns are often important. This paper uses a survey-experimental method to measure people's perceptions of the degree to which such concerns matter, i.e. the degree of positionality.(More)
Economists are excessively influenced by the so-called positive economics view, which says that economists should only describe and not prescribe. Here I argue that this view is flawed because it makes unreasonably strong assumptions about what players (the agents taking economic decisions) know and understand. I then use the example of micro-credit to show(More)
Low-dose fractionated gamma-irradiation (three cycles of 5 x 2 Gy) induced cisplatin resistance in HeLa cells. The drug resistance was modest (Rf of about 2) and stable, similar to that found previously in murine cells after irradiation. In the drug-resistant HeLa-C3 cells, flow cytometric analysis revealed a decreased number of apoptotic cells compared(More)
As norms and tastes adapt to the social conditions shaped by policy variables, voters' opinions about these policies may evolve as well. We show how this process can lead to political instability. Moreover, if a politician's platform is shaped opportunistically so as to gain the majority's support, once in office the politician should not implement the(More)
It is better to be the head of a chicken than the tail of a phoenix: a study of concern for relative standing in rural China It is better to be the head of a chicken than the tail of a phoenix: a study of concern for relative standing in rural China Abstract This paper examines the concern for relative standing among rural households in China. We use a(More)
i Akademisk avhandling som med tillstånd av Mittuniversitetet i Sundsvall framläggs till offentlig granskning för avläggande av teknologie doktorand examen fredag, 16 december, 2016, klockan 10:00 i sal L111, Mittuniversitetet Sundsvall. Seminariet kommer att hållas på engelska. To Yuliya and Saron, You are my everyday delights. ABSTRACT This thesis(More)