Karl H. Krieger

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BACKGROUND Cardiopulmonary bypass results in a euthyroid sick state, and recent evidence suggests that perioperative triiodothyronine (T3) supplementation may have hemodynamic benefits. In light of the known effects of thyroid hormone on atrial electrophysiology, we investigated the effects of perioperative T3 supplementation on the incidence of(More)
BACKGROUND Thyroid hormone has many effects on the cardiovascular system. During and after cardiopulmonary bypass, serum triiodothyronine concentrations decline transiently, which may contribute to postoperative hemodynamic dysfunction. We investigated whether the perioperative administration of triiodothyronine (liothyronine sodium) enhances cardiovascular(More)
Sternal wound infections developed following 77 (0.97%) of 7,949 operative procedures involving median sternotomy at New York University Medical Center from 1976 to 1984. Risk factors associated with the development of a sternal wound infection included combined revascularization and valve replacement, early reexploration for bleeding, prolonged low cardiac(More)
One hundred consecutive patients aged 80 or older underwent isolated coronary artery bypass grafting for New York Heart Association functional class III (24%) or IV (76%) disease in our institution from 1985 to 1989. The operations were elective in 36 patients, urgent in 52, and emergent in 12. Twenty-eight patients had significant disease of the left main(More)
Anticoagulation for the open heart surgery patient undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is achieved with the use of heparin. The industry standard of activated clotting time (ACT) was used to measure the effect of heparin. The commonly acceptable target time of anticoagulation adequacy is 480 seconds or greater. Some patients, however, exhibit resistance(More)
BACKGROUND A retrospective review was performed to determine the outcome after cardiac operations in patients with a documented history of noncardiac cirrhosis. METHODS The charts of patients admitted to the cardiothoracic surgical service between 1990 and 1996 were reviewed, and 13 patients with a preoperative history of cirrhosis were identified. The(More)
Platelet inhibition via glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa receptor antagonists has greatly reduced the need for emergent cardiac surgery. However, this change has come at a cost to both the patient and the cardiac surgical team in terms of increased bleeding risk. Current guidelines for patients requiring coronary artery bypass surgery include: 1) cessation of GP(More)
Cardiopulmonary bypass results in a "euthyroid sick" state. Recently, interest has focused on the relationship between low serum triiodothyronine levels and postoperative cardiovascular hemodynamics. The present study was undertaken to more clearly define the acute effects of triiodothyronine on myocardial mechanics and energetics after hypothermic global(More)
PURPOSE A multidisciplinary project was undertaken at The New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center to develop critical pathways for open-heart surgery to help reduce cost, shorten hospital length of stay (LOS), and streamline patient care. METHODS A critical pathway for elective coronary artery bypass grafting instituted on March 1, 1995, was developed(More)