Karl H. Kraus

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Bone marrow has been shown to contain a population of rare mesenchymal stem cells that are capable of forming bone, cartilage, and other connective tissues. We examined the effect of cultured autologous mesenchymal stem cells on the healing of critical-sized (twenty-one-millimeter-long) segmental defects in the femora of adult female dogs. Autologous(More)
BACKGROUND Mesenchymal stem cells from adult bone marrow are multipotent cells capable of forming bone, cartilage, and other connective tissues. In a previous study, we demonstrated that autologous mesenchymal stem cells could repair a critical-sized bone defect in the dog. The objective of this study was to determine whether the use of allogeneic(More)
Several studies have reported enhanced repair of damaged cartilage following implantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) into full-thickness cartilage defects suggesting that the cells in the repair tissue were derived from the implant. However, it cannot be excluded that the enhanced tissue repair is derived from host cells recruited to the defect in(More)
The term "von Willebrand's disease," refers to a group of inherited bleeding disorders, all of which are caused by a deficiency of the multimeric plasma glycoprotein, von Willebrand factor. The various forms of canine von Willebrand's disease can be categorized into one of three major types: in type I canine von Willebrand's disease, all sizes of von(More)
The repair of nerve gap injuries with tubular nerve guides has been used extensively as an in vivo test model in identifying substances which may enhance nerve regeneration. The model has also been used clinical nerve repair. The objective of this study was to compare three different gel matrix-forming materials as potential vehicles for growth factors in(More)
Bone marrow contains a population of rare progenitor cells capable of differentiating into bone, cartilage, muscle, tendon, and other connective tissues. These cells, referred to as MSCs, can be purified and culture expanded from animals and humans. This review summarizes recent experimentation focused on characterizing the cellular aspects of osteogenic(More)
Introduction: Animal models of osteoarthritis (OA) are necessary to study events leading to joint degeneration and to evaluate therapeutic protocols. Medial meniscectomy, lateral meniscectomy or anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) resection have been used as a means of creating instability in the knee joints of large animals such as the sheep and dog. However,(More)
OBJECTIVE To review the role of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) in bone formation and regeneration, and outline the development of strategies that use MSC in bone healing and regeneration. STUDY DESIGN Literature review. METHODS Medline review, synopses of authors' published research. RESULTS The MSC is the basic cellular unit of embryologic bone(More)
The buccal mucosa bleeding time (BMBT; duration of hemorrhage from standardized cuts made with a spring-loaded disposable device in the mucosal surface of the upper lip) was used to evaluate the hemostatic competence of dogs. The mean (+/- SD) BMBT for 34 healthy dogs was 2.62 +/- 0.49 minutes. The BMBT of healthy dogs anesthetized with halothane or(More)
Evoked potentials were produced by anodal stimulation over the motor cortex in six dogs. Potentials were recovered from the cranial thoracic and caudal lumbar portions of the spinal cord, and the radial and sciatic nerves. Evoked potential averages were recorded every 1.5 minutes during 40 minutes of aortic occlusion and during 40 minutes of reperfusion.(More)