Karl H. Bach

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The transcription factor cAMP response element binding protein (CREB), a member of the basic region leucine zipper (bZIP) family of proteins, is the major cAMP response element (CRE) binding. Other bZIP proteins, including CREB2, activating transcription factor 2 (ATF2), or CAAT/enhancer binding protein (C/EBP) have been reported to transactivate(More)
The zinc finger protein early growth response 1 (Egr-1) is a transcriptional activator involved in the regulation of growth and differentiation. Egr-1 has a large activating domain and three zinc finger motifs that function as a DNA binding region. We show here that a third functional domain of the Egr-1 protein, localized between the extended activation(More)
SETTING Northern and Southern areas of Vietnam. OBJECTIVE To study the correlation between DNA fingerprinting of 168 Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains isolated from patients with a particular historical past (political separation of Vietnam for 20 years) and data about geographical origin, drug susceptibility, HIV infection and BCG vaccination status. (More)
The zinc finger protein RE-1 silencing transcription factor (REST) is a transcriptional repressor that represses neuronal genes in non-neuronal tissues. We have analyzed the ability of REST and the REST mutants, RESTDeltaN and RESTDeltaC lacking either the N-terminal or C-terminal repression domains of REST, to inhibit transcription mediated by distinct(More)
The zinc finger protein early growth response 1 (Egr-1) is a transcriptional activator involved in the regulation of growth and differentiation. We show here that a constitutive active mutant of mitogen-activated kinase kinase-1 (MAPKK-1) strongly stimulates the activity of the Egr-1 promoter, thus explaining the effects of mitogens upon Egr-1 mRNA and(More)
Calreticulin is an endoplasmic reticulum luminal calcium-binding chaperone involved in various cellular functions and is a ligand for the scavenger receptor CD91. Recent studies, based on proteomic approaches on whole tissue samples containing both neoplastic and non-neoplastic cells, have shown alterations of Calreticulin expression in colon carcinomas,(More)
Research on the regulation of transcription in mammals has focused in recent years mainly on the mechanism of transcriptional activation. However, transcriptional repression mediated by repressor proteins is a common regulatory mechanism in mammals and might play an important role in many biological processes. To understand the molecular mechanism of(More)
In mixed level device/circuit simulation (MLDCS) semiconductor devices are modeled by partial differential equations (e.g. the drift diffusion model) while being embedded in a realistic circuit environment named caxrier network [l]. For each DC bia^ or point in time the mixed level device/circuit simulator alternates between device and circuit level until(More)
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