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It is generally agreed that the hepatotoxic microcystins (MCs) are the most abundant toxins produced by cyanobacteria in freshwater. In various freshwater lakes in East Africa MC-producing Microcystis has been reported to dominate the phytoplankton, however the regulation of MC production is poorly understood. From May 2007 to April 2008 the Microcystis(More)
Aerucyclamides C and D were isolated from the cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa PCC 7806, and their structures established by NMR spectroscopy and chemical transformation and degradation. Acidic hydrolysis of aerucyclamide C (CF(3)CO(2)H, H(2)O) resulted in microcyclamide 7806A. This chemical evidence combined with spectroscopic and physical data(More)
Two new modified hexacyclopeptides, aerucyclamides A and B, were isolated from the toxic freshwater cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa PCC 7806. The constitution was assigned by spectroscopic methods, and the configuration determined by chemical degradation and analysis by Marfey's method combined with chemical synthesis. Synthetic aerucyclamide B was(More)
The isolation and structure of cyanopeptolin 1020 (hexanoic acid-Glu-N[-O-Thr-Arg-Ahp-Phe-N-Me-Tyr-Val-]) from a Microcystis strain is reported. Very potent picomolar trypsin inhibition (IC(50) = 670 pM) and low nanomolar values against human kallikrein (4.5 nM) and factor XIa (3.9 nM) have been determined for cyanopeptolin 1020. For plasmin and(More)
We have investigated five different poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG, 5 kDa) catechol derivatives in terms of their spontaneous surface assembly from aqueous solution, adlayer stability, and resistance to nonspecific blood serum adsorption as a function of the type of catechol-based anchor, assembly conditions (temperature, pH), and type of substrate (SiO(2),(More)
The isolation and structural characterization of three new heterocyclic and macrocyclic peptides, balgacyclamides A-C, from Microcystis aeruginosa EAWAG 251 are reported. The constitutions were determined by 2D-NMR methods and mass spectrometry, and the configurations were assigned after ozonolysis and hydrolysis by HPLC-MS methods using Marfey's method as(More)
As NAD(+) is a rate-limiting cosubstrate for the sirtuin enzymes, its modulation is emerging as a valuable tool to regulate sirtuin function and, consequently, oxidative metabolism. In line with this premise, decreased activity of PARP-1 or CD38-both NAD(+) consumers-increases NAD(+) bioavailability, resulting in SIRT1 activation and protection against(More)
The preparation of the polyketide natural products anguinomycin C and D is reported based on key steps such as Negishi stereoinversion cross coupling, Jacobsen Cr(III)-catalyzed Hetero Diels-Alder reaction, Evans B-mediated syn-aldol chemistry, and B-alkyl Suzuki-Miyaura cross coupling. The configuration of both natural products was established as(More)
This review presents natural products from cyanobacteria. Several classes of secondary metabolites are highlighted. Toxic metabolites from these prokaryotic photosynthetic organisms include compounds such as microcystin, anatoxin and saxitoxin, which display hepatotoxicity and neurotoxicity. Their potential as drugs in cancer therapy is discussed based on(More)
Microcystins (MCs) are toxic heptapeptides found in cyanobacteria and share the common structure cyclo(-d-Ala(1)-l-X(2)-d-isoMeAsp(3)-l-Z(4)-Adda(5)-d-isoGlu(6)-Mdha(7)). The letters X and Z in the general formula above represent a wide range of l-amino acids that occupy positions 2 and 4, respectively. In general the variation in structural variants is due(More)