Karl Friedrich Hilgers

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The renin-angiotensin system is a major regulatory system of cardiovascular and renal function. Basic research has revealed exciting new aspects, which could lead to novel or modified therapeutic approaches. Renin-angiotensin system blockade exerts potent antiatherosclerotic effects, which are mediated by their antihypertensive, anti-inflammatory,(More)
In salt-sensitive hypertension, the accumulation of Na+ in tissue has been presumed to be accompanied by a commensurate retention of water to maintain the isotonicity of body fluids. We show here that a high-salt diet (HSD) in rats leads to interstitial hypertonic Na+ accumulation in skin, resulting in increased density and hyperplasia of the lymphcapillary(More)
Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) aggravates the course of acute mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis (GN) in the rat. Observational studies in children suggest that IUGR may be associated with a severe course of kidney diseases such as IgA nephropathy. We tested the hypothesis that IUGR leads to aggravation of acute mesangioproliferative GN in(More)
Recent evidence suggested that Na can be stored in an osmotically inactive form. We investigated whether osmotically inactive Na storage is reduced in a rat model of salt-sensitive (SS) hypertension. SS and salt-resistant (SR) Dahl-Rapp rats as well as Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were fed a high (8%)- or low (0.1%)-NaCl diet for 4 wk (n = 10/group). Mean(More)
Expression of the chemoattractant osteopontin (OPN) may contribute to macrophage infiltration in many types of tubulointerstitial kidney disease, but the role of OPN in chronic glomerulosclerosis is unknown. We hypothesized that glomerular OPN expression and macrophage infiltration occur in deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt glomerulosclerosis in rats.(More)
We discuss the evidence supporting the use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI), angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockers (ARB), or the combination of both in children with chronic renal disease. Several large-scale, prospective, randomized studies with clinical end points have been performed in adult patients, but studies in children are(More)
Osmotically inactive skin Na(+) storage is characterized by Na(+) accumulation without water accumulation in the skin. Negatively charged glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) may be important in skin Na(+) storage. We investigated changes in skin GAG content and key enzymes of GAG chain polymerization during osmotically inactive skin Na(+) storage. Female(More)
Volume-sensitive and chemosensitive cardiopulmonary reflexes modulate volume homeostasis via renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA). Blunting of volume-sensitive cardiopulmonary reflexes is associated with volume retention, e.g., in hypertension, whereas the role of chemosensitive cardiopulmonary reflexes is largely unknown. To elucidate the possible role(More)
The expression of cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) in the late thick ascending limb, including the macula densa, is found to be upregulated in an activated renin-angiotensin system. How this upregulation is managed is not yet known. We therefore considered the possibility that the stimulation of COX-2 expression is triggered by the activation of the(More)
The idea that Na(+) retention inevitably leads to water retention is compelling; however, were Na(+) accumulation in part osmotically inactive, regulatory alternatives would be available. We speculated that in DOCA-salt rats Na(+) accumulation is excessive relative to water. Forty female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four subgroups. Groups 1 and 2(More)