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PURPOSE Preoperative chemotherapy in patients with gastroesophageal cancer is hampered by the lack of reliable predictors of tumor response. This study evaluates whether positron emission tomography (PET) using fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) may predict response early in the course of therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS Forty consecutive patients with(More)
BACKGROUND The consequences of infection with Staphylococcus aureus can be severe, so strategies for prevention are important. We examined S. aureus isolates from blood and from nasal specimens to determine whether the organisms in the bloodstream originated from the patient's own flora. METHODS In a multicenter study, swabs for culture were obtained from(More)
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) involving down-regulation of E-cadherin is thought to play a fundamental role during early steps of invasion and metastasis of carcinoma cells. The aim of our study was to elucidate the role of EMT regulators Snail, SIP1 (both are direct repressors of E-cadherin), and Twist (an activator of N-cadherin during(More)
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isa major cause of healthcare- and community-associated infections worldwide. Within the healthcare setting alone, MRSA infections are estimated to affect more than 150,000 patients annually in the European Union (EU), resulting in attributable extra in-hospital costs of EUR 380 million for EU healthcare(More)
The German Environmental Surveys (GerESs) are nationwide population studies, which have repeatedly been carried out in Germany since the mid-1980s. The subjects were representatively selected from the regional registration offices with regard to age, gender and community size. The first survey for adults (GerES I) was carried out in 1985/1986 (West Germany)(More)
BACKGROUND The intent to curatively treat patients with gastric carcinoma is based on complete surgical resection of the primary tumor and its lymphatic drainage. Postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy has failed to show a significant prognostic advantage for these patients. Preoperative chemotherapy, based on promising results in the treatment of patients(More)
Investigation of a psychomotorically retarded girl showed excretion of abnormal amounts of alpha-ketoadipic acid, alpha-hydroxyadipic acid, alpha-aminoadipic acid, 1,2-butenedicarboxylic acid and elevation of plasma alpha-aminoadipic acid levels. The identity of these metabolities was established by various methods. The excretion of alpha-aminoadipic acid(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is a pluripotent regulatory molecule, yet the molecular mechanisms by which it exerts its effects are largely unknown. Few physiologic target molecules of NO have been identified, and even for these, the modifications caused by NO remain uncharacterized. Human glutathione reductase (hGR), a central enzyme of cellular antioxidant defense,(More)
A report is given on a hitherto undescribed metabolic disorder, characterized clinically by fatal neonatal acidosis, hypoglycemia and a strong 'sweaty-feet' odour. Biochemical features were a massive urinary excretion of glutaric and lactic acids. Isobutyric, isovaleric and alpha-methylbutyric acids were also greatly increased, followed by adipic,(More)