Karl-Friedrich Arndt

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Stimuli-responsive hydrogels are materials with great potential for development of active functionalities in fluidics and micro-fluidics. Based on the current state of research on pH sensors, hydrogel sensors are described qualitatively and quantitatively for the first time. The review introduces the physical background of the special properties of(More)
Temperature-sensitive hydrogel layers on silicon (Si) substrates were synthesized by electron beam irradiation of spin-coated poly(vinyl methyl ether) (PVME) films. The influences of the used solvent, the polymer concentration, and the spinning velocity on the homogeneity and the thickness of the PVME film were investigated. In the range of concentration(More)
Temperature-sensitive hydrogel films were synthesized by electron beam irradiation of poly(vinyl methyl ether) (PVME) on silicon (Si/SiO(2)) substrates and gold (Au) coated glass slides. The temperature-dependent swelling behavior of the films in aqueous solution was characterized by in situ spectroscopic ellipsometry and a combination of surface plasmon(More)
We present a rapid synthetic method for the development of hyperbranched PEIs decorated with different oligosaccharide architectures as carrier systems (CS) for drugs and bioactive molecules for in vitro and in vivo experiments. Reductive amination of hyperbranched PEI with readily available oligosaccharides results in sugar functionalized PEI cores with(More)
A pilot study was performed to examine the potential of stable isotope techniques for monitoring the impact of a harmful substance on the cellular nitrogen metabolism in the ciliate species Tetrahymena pyriformis. After identical cultivation periods of control cells and toluene-exposed cells in a defined culture medium enriched with(More)
The gelation process of poly-(N-isopropylacrylamide)-clay nanocomposite hydrogels (PNIPAAm-clay NC gels) was investigated by dynamic and static light scattering (DLS and SLS), as well as by fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS). The photopolymerization method chosen for the radical polymerizing system ensured that, when the irradiation is removed, the(More)
The strong swelling ability of the pH-responsive poly(acrylic acid)/poly(vinyl alcohol) (PAA/PVA) hydrogel makes the development of a new type of sensor possible, which combines piezoresistive-responsive elements as mechanoelectrical transducers and the phase transition behavior of hydrogels as a chemomechanical transducer. The sensor consists of a(More)
Detection and analysis of magnetic nanoobjects is a crucial task in modern diagnostic and therapeutic techniques applied to medicine and biology. Accomplishment of this task calls for the development and implementation of electronic elements directly in fluidic channels, which still remains an open and nontrivial issue. Here, we present a novel concept(More)
Thermoresponsive materials exhibit an enormous potential for tissue engineering, separation systems, and drug delivery. We investigated the diffusion of laponite clay nanoparticles, which serve as physical cross-linkers to achieve improved material properties in poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM)-clay composite hydrogels close to the gel point. The(More)
Investigations have been carried out in order to clarify the antibiotic susceptibility determination of yeasts. 291 yeast strains of different species were tested for sensitivity to 7 antimycotics: amphotericin B, flucytosin, nystatin, pimaricin, clotrimazol, econazol and miconazol. Additionally to the evaluation of inhibition zone diameters and MIC-values(More)