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This article presents a framework of micro-level interactions with visual representations of information in digital libraries. The framework is comprised of three basic interactions—conversing, manipulating, and navigating—and 13 task-based interactions: animating, annotating, chunking, cloning, collecting, composing, cutting, filtering, fragmenting,(More)
This paper uses theories of complexity, pace layering and resilience to address the question of tagging and folksonomies, and their influence on the practice of information architecture. User-centered tagging systems such as Flickr and del.icio.us have triggered diverse responses, both within and outside the community of information studies, because they(More)
The objective of this paper is to show how information visualization can play an important and catalytic role in the reconceptualization of digital libraries as interactive knowledge environments. Information visualization has long been described as a beneficial and promising technology for digital libraries. Today, however, few digital libraries rely on(More)
A wide variety of real-world applications generate massive high dimensional categorical datasets. These datasets contain categorical variables whose values comprise a set of discrete categories. Visually exploring these datasets for insights is of great interest and importance. However, their discrete nature often confounds the direct application of(More)
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