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A figure of merit for array antennas can be defined using the signal processing concept of signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) gain. The resulting array efficiency metric reduces to aperture efficiency for an isolated array and to a combination of aperture and spillover efficiency for an array feed. These results provide a practical way to measure aperture… (More)

- Michael Brandfass, Aaron D. Lanterman, Karl F. Warnick
- 2001

We present a numerical comparison of the so-called ‘linear sampling’ inverse scattering methods developed by Colton and Kirsch, published in this journal, and linearized tomographic inverse scattering algorithms based on either holographic filtered backpropagation principles or a plain matrix inversion scheme. Although we restrict ourselves to… (More)

The calculus of differential forms has significant advantages over traditional methods as a tool for teaching electromagnetic (EM) field theory: First, forms clarify the relationship between field intensity and flux density, by providing distinct mathematical and graphical representations for the two types of fields. Second, Ampere’s and Faraday’s laws… (More)

- Brian D. Jeffs, Karl F. Warnick, +4 authors Roger D. Norrod
- IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Signal…
- 2008

Relative to traditional waveguide feeds, phased array feeds (PAFs) for radio telescopes can increase the instrument field of view and sky survey speed. Unique challenges associated with PAF observations, including extremely low signal levels, long-term system gain stability requirements, spatially correlated noise due to mutual coupling, and tight beamshape… (More)

We consider the use of spatial filtering algorithms for radio frequency interference (RFI) mitigation in conjunction with a focal plane feed array of electrically small elements. Numerical simulations are used to study the performance of 7 and 19 element hexagonal dipole arrays with a 25 meter reflector at an operating frequency of 1612MHz. Using the… (More)

- Brian D. Jeffs, Karl F. Warnick
- IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing
- 2009

It is shown that adaptive canceling arrays which track interference by regular updates of the beamformer weights can introduce a spectral null at the excised interference frequency. This PSD estimation bias effect we call ldquospectral scoopingrdquo is most prominent for narrowband interference (i.e., occupying only a few spectral bins at the desired PSD… (More)

- Floyd W. Millet, Karl F. Warnick, James R. Nagel, David V. Arnold
- IEEE Trans. Geoscience and Remote Sensing
- 2006

For phased array receivers, the accuracy with which the polarization state of a received signal can be measured depends on the antenna configuration, array calibration process, and beamforming algorithms. A signal and noise model for a dual-polarized array is developed and related to standard polarimetric antenna figures of merit, and the ideal… (More)

- Richard A. Black, Brian D. Jeffs, Karl F. Warnick, Gregory Hellbourg, A. P. Chippendale
- 2015 IEEE Signal Processing and Signal Processing…
- 2015

The ASKAP radio telescope in Australia is the first synthesis imaging array to use phased-array feeds (PAFs). These permit wider fields of view and new modalities for radio-frequency interference (RFI) mitigation. Previous work on imaging-array RFI cancellation has assumed that processing bandwidths are very narrow, and correlator integration times are… (More)