Karl-Ernst Kaissling

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Female sex pheromones applied to freshly isolated, living antennae of male Antheraea polyphemus and Bombyx mori led to an increase of cGMP. A 1:1 mixture of 2 pheromone components of Antheraea polyphemus blown for 10 sec in physiological concentrations over their antennal branches raised cGMP levels about 1.34-fold (+/- 0.08 SEM, n = 23) from a basal level(More)
Number and distribution of sensilla and setae on the antennal flagellum of the honeybeeApis mellifera carnica were determined on whole antennal preparations. The following types of sensilla were distinguished according to their cuticular structure: Sensillum placodeum, S. ampullaceum, S. coeloconicum, S. basiconicum, S. campaniforme and 5 hair sensilla(More)
A mathematical model of perireceptor and receptor events has been developed for olfactory sensilla on the antennae of the moth Antheraea polyphemus. The model includes the adsorptive uptake of pheromone molecules by the olfactory hair, their transport on and within the hair by diffusion, the formation of a complex of pheromone and the extracellular(More)
Adaptation was studied in single olfactory receptor cells of male moths of Bombyx mori and Antheraea polyphemus. Receptor potential and nerve impulse generators have different and very likely, spatially separate adaptation mechanisms possibly located in the outer dendritic segment and the cell soma, respectively. Restricted portions of the receptor cell(More)
Dose-response curves relating the external stimulus concentration to receptor occupancy differ in two types of chemoreceptor organs. In 'concentration detectors' the receptor molecules at the receptor cell membrane are directly exposed to the external stimulus concentration; these organs exhibit the well-known hyperbolic dose-response relationship(More)
Moths pheromones mostly consist of two or a few chemical components in a species-specific ratio. Each component is perceived by a particular type of receptor cell. Some pheromone components can inhibit the behavioral responses to other pheromone components. A single pheromone molecule is sufficient to elicit a nerve impulse. The dose-response curve of(More)
Modelling reveals that within about 3 ms after entering the sensillum lymph, 17% of total pheromone is enzymatically degraded while 83% is bound to the pheromone-binding protein (PBP) and thereby largely protected from enzymatic degradation. The latter proceeds within minutes, 20,000-fold more slowly than with the free pheromone. In vivo the complex(More)
1. Extrazelluläre Impulse einzelner olfaktorischer Sinnesnervenzellen lassen sich mit Wolfram-Mikroelektroden von der Antenne des männlichen Seidenspinners Antheraea pernyi ableiten. 2. Die 2 oder 3 Rezeptorzellen der Sensilla trichodea et basiconica beantworten Duftreize entweder durch Zunahme (+) oder Hemmung (-) der im reizlosen Zustand auftretenden(More)
A quantitative model of pheromone-receptor interaction and pheromone deactivation, the supposed rate-limiting processes underlying the receptor potential kinetics, is worked out for the moth Antheraea polyphemus. In this model, the pheromone interacts with the receptor molecule while bound to the reduced form of the pheromone binding protein. The receptor(More)