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A costimulatory signal through B7 to its counter-receptor CD28 on T cells enhances T cell activation. We have generated recombinant retroviruses containing cDNA for murine B7 and transduced a panel of murine tumor lines with varying immunogenicity to study the effect of B7 costimulation on antitumor immunity. In contrast to the progressive outgrowth of all(More)
Interaction of the B7 molecule on antigen-presenting cells with its receptors CD28 and CTLA-4 on T cells provides costimulatory signals for T cell activation. We have studied the effects of B7 on antitumor immunity to a murine melanoma that expresses a rejection antigen associated with the E7 gene product of human papillomavirus 16. While this E7+ tumor(More)
The WFDC2 (HE4) gene is amplified in ovarian carcinomas, whereas its expression in normal tissues, including ovary, is low. Although the function of the HE4 protein is unknown,it is a member of a family of stable 4-disulfide core proteins that are secreted at high levels. We therefore performed experiments to explore whether quantitation of HE4 protein(More)
33 patients with advanced malignant melanoma were studied after intravenous administration of 131I-labeled Fab fragments specific for p97, an oncofetal glycoprotein of human melanoma. In all, 47 gamma camera imaging studies were performed for the purpose of localization of metastatic deposits. In addition to tumor, 131I-Fab uptake was also seen in liver and(More)
Two anti-tumor monoclonal antibodies, L6 (anticarcinoma) and 1F5 (anti-B lymphoma), were covalently linked to alkaline phosphatase (AP), forming conjugates that could bind to the surface of antigen-positive tumor cells. The conjugates were capable of converting a relatively noncytotoxic prodrug, etoposide phosphate (EP), into etoposide--a drug with(More)
p97 is a cell-surface glycoprotein that is present in most human melanomas but only in trace amounts in normal adult tissues. To determine the structure of this tumor-associated antigen and to identify its functional domains, we have purified and cloned p97 mRNA and determined its nucleotide sequence. The mRNA encodes a 738-residue precursor, which contains(More)
Murine monoclonal antibody (MAb) L6 binds to an antigen expressed on the surface of breast, colon, ovary, and nonsmall-cell lung cancer. This antibody effects antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) with human mononuclear cells and complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) with human complement. Because of these activities, we conducted a phase I(More)
Cephalosporin doxorubicin (C-Dox) and 7-(4-carboxybutanamido)-cephalosporin mustard (CCM) are prodrugs that are catalytically converted by Enterobacter cloacae beta-lactamase (bL) to the active anticancer agents doxorubicin and phenylenediamine mustard, respectively. Both prodrugs were less cytotoxic to the 3677 human melanoma line than their respective(More)
Two monoclonal anti-idiotope antibodies, previously found to induce tumor-specific cell-mediated immunity in mice, were examined for their relationship to tumor-associated suppressor factors (SF), produced in culture by spleen cells from tumor-bearing mice or present in sera from such mice. A leukocyte adherence inhibition assay was used to detect cellular(More)