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mAb OV569 was made by immunizing mice with ovarian carcinoma cells. It binds to cells from ovarian carcinomas and, to a lesser extent, to cells from certain other carcinomas whereas the binding to normal tissues is low to nondetectable. It also binds to soluble molecule(s) in culture supernatants from antigen-positive carcinomas. OV569 recognizes a(More)
p97 is a cell-surface glycoprotein that is present in most human melanomas but only in trace amounts in normal adult tissues. To determine the structure of this tumor-associated antigen and to identify its functional domains, we have purified and cloned p97 mRNA and determined its nucleotide sequence. The mRNA encodes a 738-residue precursor, which contains(More)
Using the carcinogen 3-methylcholanthrene (MCA), we demonstrate with Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy that a cancer DNA phenotype is produced well in advance of palpable tumors. We further demonstrate that the administration of cyclophosphamide markedly inhibits the development of the cancer phenotype and concomitantly delays tumor formation. MCA,(More)
33 patients with advanced malignant melanoma were studied after intravenous administration of 131I-labeled Fab fragments specific for p97, an oncofetal glycoprotein of human melanoma. In all, 47 gamma camera imaging studies were performed for the purpose of localization of metastatic deposits. In addition to tumor, 131I-Fab uptake was also seen in liver and(More)
Fourier transform-infrared statistical models have the proven ability to identify subtle structural changes in DNA at various stages of tumor development. Using these models, we show evidence for a metastatic cancer DNA phenotype in histologically normal prostate tissues surrounding metastasizing tumors. Strikingly, the DNA base and backbone structures of(More)
Cephalosporin doxorubicin (C-Dox) and 7-(4-carboxybutanamido)-cephalosporin mustard (CCM) are prodrugs that are catalytically converted by Enterobacter cloacae beta-lactamase (bL) to the active anticancer agents doxorubicin and phenylenediamine mustard, respectively. Both prodrugs were less cytotoxic to the 3677 human melanoma line than their respective(More)
The particulate fraction from a lymphoma cell line, LSTRA, was found to contain an apparent high level of tyrosine protein kinase activity. When this fraction was incubated with [gamma-32P]ATP in the presence of 10 mM MnCl2, hydrolyzed, and assayed, 70--80% of the radioactivity recovered in phosphoamino acids was in phosphotyrosine. Gel electrophoresis of(More)
The WFDC2 (HE4) gene is amplified in ovarian carcinomas, whereas its expression in normal tissues, including ovary, is low. Although the function of the HE4 protein is unknown,it is a member of a family of stable 4-disulfide core proteins that are secreted at high levels. We therefore performed experiments to explore whether quantitation of HE4 protein(More)
Interaction of the B7 molecule on antigen-presenting cells with its receptors CD28 and CTLA-4 on T cells provides costimulatory signals for T cell activation. We have studied the effects of B7 on antitumor immunity to a murine melanoma that expresses a rejection antigen associated with the E7 gene product of human papillomavirus 16. While this E7+ tumor(More)