Karl Erik Hellström

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The WFDC2 (HE4) gene is amplified in ovarian carcinomas, whereas its expression in normal tissues, including ovary, is low. Although the function of the HE4 protein is unknown,it is a member of a family of stable 4-disulfide core proteins that are secreted at high levels. We therefore performed experiments to explore whether quantitation of HE4 protein(More)
Interaction of the B7 molecule on antigen-presenting cells with its receptors CD28 and CTLA-4 on T cells provides costimulatory signals for T cell activation. We have studied the effects of B7 on antitumor immunity to a murine melanoma that expresses a rejection antigen associated with the E7 gene product of human papillomavirus 16. While this E7+ tumor(More)
A costimulatory signal through B7 to its counter-receptor CD28 on T cells enhances T cell activation. We have generated recombinant retroviruses containing cDNA for murine B7 and transduced a panel of murine tumor lines with varying immunogenicity to study the effect of B7 costimulation on antitumor immunity. In contrast to the progressive outgrowth of all(More)
We have explored the role of an activation-induced T cell molecule, 4-1BB (CDw137), in the amplification of tumor immunity by retrovirus-mediated transduction of the 4-1BB ligand (4-1BBL) into tumor cells. Mice inoculated with P815 tumor cells expressing 4-1BBL developed a strong cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) response and long-term immunity against wild-type(More)
Immunoconjugates (BR96-DOX) were prepared between chimeric monoclonal antibody BR96 and the anticancer drug doxorubicin. The monoclonal antibody binds an antigen related to Lewis Y that is abundantly expressed at the surface of cells from many human carcinomas; it has a high degree of tumor selectivity and is internalized after binding. BR96-DOX induced(More)
mAb OV569 was made by immunizing mice with ovarian carcinoma cells. It binds to cells from ovarian carcinomas and, to a lesser extent, to cells from certain other carcinomas whereas the binding to normal tissues is low to nondetectable. It also binds to soluble molecule(s) in culture supernatants from antigen-positive carcinomas. OV569 recognizes a(More)
Two anti-tumor monoclonal antibodies, L6 (anticarcinoma) and 1F5 (anti-B lymphoma), were covalently linked to alkaline phosphatase (AP), forming conjugates that could bind to the surface of antigen-positive tumor cells. The conjugates were capable of converting a relatively noncytotoxic prodrug, etoposide phosphate (EP), into etoposide--a drug with(More)
We have used two highly sensitive assays to quantitate p97, a protein associated with human melanoma, in cultured cells and normal adult, fetal, and neoplastic tissues. To measure p97 at the surface of intact cells, radiolabeled Fab fragments of a monoclonal antibody specific for p97 were used in a binding assay. To measure p97 in detergent-solubilized(More)
The 4-1BB glycoprotein is a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily and binds to a high-affinity ligand (4-1BBL) expressed on several antigen-presenting cells such as macrophages and activated B cells. Expression of 4-1BB is restricted to primed CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, and 4-1BB signaling either by binding to 4-1BBL or by antibody ligation(More)
We have examined the role of the B7-2 costimulatory molecule, a second ligand for CD28/CTLA-4 counter-receptors, in the induction of antitumor immunity. A plasmid containing murine B7-2 cDNA was transfected into the immunogenic mouse mastocytoma P815 of DBA/2 origin. In contrast to the lethal growth of the wild-type (wt) P815 tumor, B7-2-positive (B7-2+)(More)