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A better understanding of learning processes in arithmetic in healthy adults can guide research into learning disabilities such as dyscalculia. The goal of the present functional magnetic resonance imaging study was to investigate the ongoing process of learning itself. No training was provided prior to the scanning session. Training consisted in a higher(More)
In this study, we aimed to determine the progression of brain atrophy in the parkinson variant of multiple system atrophy (MSA-P). Voxel-based morphometry was applied to two consecutive high resolution MR images of 14 patients with probable MSA-P in comparison to 14 patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD). The time interval between baseline and follow-up(More)
We determined brain atrophy patterns in dementia with Lewy bodies and Alzheimer's disease using voxel-based morphometry, an indirect volumetry. Ten patients with dementia with Lewy bodies, 10 patients with Alzheimer's disease and 10 controls were included. All groups were matched for age; sex and global differences in voxel intensities were included as(More)
The present study assessed patterns of brain tissue alterations in different types of primary dystonia using voxel-based morphometry (VBM). Nine patients with primary generalized dystonia (GD), 11 patients with primary cervical dystonia (CD), and 11 patients with primary focal hand dystonia (FHD) as well as 31 age and gender-matched controls were included.(More)
In this study, we explored to what extent brain abnormalities can be identified in specific brain structures of patients suffering from late onset depression. We examined the structural difference in regional gray and white matter volume between 14 community-dwelling patients suffering from geriatric depression and 20 age-matched non-depressed normal(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with alcohol addiction show a number of transient or persistent neurological and psychiatric deficits. The complexity of these brain alterations suggests that several brain areas are involved, although the definition of the brain alteration patterns is not yet accomplished. AIM To determine brain atrophy patterns in patients with(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant progressive neurodegenerative disorder that results from an expanded trinucleotide (CAG) repeat on the huntingtin gene. Neurodegeneration in HD affects most prominently the basal ganglia. Therefore, diffusivity was obtained in the basal ganglia and thalamus of 29 patients with early HD and 27 healthy(More)
By merging neuropsychological (CANTAB/cambridge neuropsychological test automated battery) and structural brain imaging data (voxel-based-morphometry) the present study sought to identify the neurocognitive correlates of executive functions in individuals with Asperger syndrome (AS) compared to healthy controls. Results disclosed subtle group differences(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical differentiation of parkinsonian syndromes is still challenging. OBJECTIVES A fully automated method for quantitative MRI analysis using atlas-based volumetry combined with support vector machine classification was evaluated for differentiation of parkinsonian syndromes in a multicenter study. METHODS Atlas-based volumetry was(More)
BACKGROUND Several morphometric magnetic resonance imaging parameters may serve for differential diagnosis of parkinsonism. The objective of this study was to identify which performs best in clinical routine. METHODS We acquired multicentric magnetization-prepared rapid gradient echo sequences in patients with Parkinson's disease (n=204), progressive(More)