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This study was designed to assess the effects of morphine sulfate on glucose kinetics and on glucoregulatory hormones in conscious overnight fasted dogs. One group of experiments established a dose-response range. We studied the mechanisms of morphine-induced hyperglycemia in a second group. We also examined the effect of low dose morphine on glucose(More)
The Graphic StoryWriter (GSW) is an interactive system that enables its users to create structurally complete stories through the manipulation of graphic objects in a simulated storybook. A rule-based story engine manages character and prop interaction, guides story development, and generates text. Through the simple interface and story writing engine, the(More)
The effect of an alanine load per se on hepatic alanine balance and hepatic glucose production is unclear. To examine this question, alanine was infused into six postabsorptive dogs at a rate of 6 mumol/kg-min, while maintaining insulin and glucagon levels using the pancreatic clamp technique. The arterial alanine concentration rose from a basal level of(More)
We performed a study to examine the differences in verbal interaction between groups of young users working together at a single computer and groups working on a shared workspace at individual computers. Pairs of Kindergarten and First Grade students worked with the Graphic Story Writer (an interactive learning environment) at a single computer or at two(More)
The effects of increases in plasma epinephrine from 78 +/- 32 to 447 +/- 75, 1,812 +/- 97, or 2,495 +/- 427 pg/ml on glucose production, including gluconeogenesis, were determined in the conscious, overnight-fasted dog, using a combination of tracer [( 3-3H]glucose and [U-14C]alanine) and arteriovenous difference techniques. Insulin and glucagon were fixed(More)
This study was undertaken to determine whether the dose-dependent effect of glucagon on gluconeogenesis parallels its effect on hepatic glycogenolysis in conscious overnight-fasted dogs. Endogenous insulin and glucagon secretion were inhibited by somatostatin (0.8 micrograms X kg-1 X min-1), and intraportal replacement infusions of insulin (213 +/- 28(More)
The effects of norepinephrine (NE) at levels present in the circulation and synaptic cleft during stress on glucose metabolism were examined in overnight-fasted conscious dogs with fixed basal levels of insulin and glucagon. Plasma NE rose from 132 +/- 14 to 442 +/- 85 pg/ml and 100 +/- 20 to 3,244 +/- 807 pg/ml during 3 h of low (n = 6) and high (n = 5) NE(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the importance of epinephrine as a gluconeogenic hormone in the conscious 18-h-fasted dog. Glucose production ([3H]glucose turnover) and gluconeogenesis [( 14C]alanine conversion to [14C]glucose; and transhepatic gluconeogenic substrate balances) were assessed during epinephrine infusion (0.04 microgram X kg-1 X min-1).(More)
The synthesis, structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies, and antidiabetic characterization of 1,2-dihydro-4-[[4-(methylthio)phenyl]methyl]-5-(trifluoromethyl)-3H- pyrazol-3-one (as the hydroxy tautomer; WAY-123783, 4) are described. Substitution of 4-methylthio, methylsulfinyl, or ethyl to a benzyl group at C4, in combination with trifluoromethyl at C5(More)