Karl-Dieter Müller

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Standard methods for the identification of uropathogens that are based on the determination of metabolic activity require cultivation on agar plates, which often takes more than 1 day. If microbial growth on agar plates is slow, or if metabolic activity is impaired by adverse interactions resulting from the patient's condition or from medical treatment, the(More)
Molecular phylogenies based on the small subunit ribosomal RNA gene (SSU or 18S ribosomal DNA (rDNA)) revealed recently the existence of a relatively large and widespread group of eukaryotes, branching at the base of the fungal tree. This group, comprising almost exclusively environmental clones, includes the endoparasitic chytrid Rozella as the unique(More)
An amoeba isolated from an aquatic biotope, identified morphologically as Saccamoeba limax, was found harbouring mutualistic rod-shaped gram-negative bacteria. During their cultivation on agar plates, a coinfection also by lysis-inducing chlamydia-like organisms was found in some subpopulations of that amoeba. .Here we provide a molecular-based(More)
Viable Hartmannella sp. and two strains of Vannella sp. – but no Acanthamoebae– multiplied on NN-agar inoculated with pieces of the contact lens from a female keratitis patient. Within the cytoplasm of one Vannella isolate, intracellular parasites could be observed whose earliest stages were developing within the nucleus, resembling those Microsporidia-like(More)
Naegleria and Acanthamoeba spp. were recovered from biofilm of a flushing cistern in a lavatory and both were found to be infected by rod-shaped bacteria enclosed within a vacuole. These intracellular bacteria behave like parasites, causing lysis of host amoebae. The bacteria proved unculturable on bacteriological media, and but could be maintained as(More)
Free-living amoebae (FLA) are distributed ubiquitously in aquatic and humid habitats. In addition to the role of a few species as causative agents of meningoencephalitis and keratitis, FLA are frequently considered to serve as natural hosts and vehicles of di€erent bacteria ± especially those that cause human illness. These intracellularly growing organisms(More)
Vannella sp. isolated from waterweed Elodea sp. was found infected by a chlamydia-like organism. This organism behaves like a parasite, causing the death through burst of its host. Once the vannellae degenerated, the parasite was successfully kept in laboratory within a Saccamoeba sp. isolated from the same waterweed sample, which revealed in fine through(More)
Using ameba coculture, we grew a Naegleria endosymbiont. Phenotypic, genetic, and phylogenetic analyses supported its affiliation as Protochlamydia naegleriophila sp. nov. We then developed a specific diagnostic PCR for Protochlamydia spp. When applied to bronchoalveolar lavages, results of this PCR were positive for 1 patient with pneumonia. Further(More)
Recent studies showed that the huge diversity branching at or near the phylogenetic root of the fungal kingdom, mostly constituted by uncultured environmental clones, is actually characterized by intracellular predators/parasites of various eukaryotes. These form three related lineages: the Aphelidea, endoparasites of algae; the Rozellomycota, with Rozella(More)
Microsporidia are widespread endoparasites of animals, including humans. They are characterized by highly modified morphological and genetic features that cause difficulties in elucidating their enigmatic origin and evolution. Recent advances, however, indicate that the Microsporidia have emerged from the Rozellomycota, forming together either the most(More)