Karl D. Hardman

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Single-chain antigen-binding proteins are novel recombinant polypeptides, composed of an antibody variable light-chain amino acid sequence (VL) tethered to a variable heavy-chain sequence (VH) by a designed peptide that links the carboxyl terminus of the VL sequence to the amino terminus of the VH sequence. These proteins have the same specificities and(More)
The x-ray crystal structure of pea lectin, in complex with a methyl glycoside of the N-linked-type oligosaccharide trimannosyl core, methyl 3,6-di-O-(alpha-D-mannopyranosyl)-alpha-D-mannopyranoside, has been solved by molecular replacement and refined at 2.6-A resolution. The R factor is 0.183 for all data in the 8.0 to 2.6 A resolution range with an(More)
Six individual amino acid substitutions at separate positions in the tertiary structure of subtilisin BPN' (EC 3.4.21.14) were found to increase the stability of this enzyme, as judged by differential scanning calorimetry and decreased rates of thermal inactivation. These stabilizing changes, N218S, G169A, Y217K, M50F, Q206C, and N76D, were discovered(More)
The effects of linker length on binding affinity and degree of aggregation have been examined in the antifluorescein 4-4-20 and anticarcinoma CC49 single-chain Fvs. Longer linkers in the antifluorescein sFvs have higher affinities for fluorescein and aggregate less. A proteolytically susceptible site between Lys8 and Ser9, in the previously reported 212(More)
We describe here the first in vivo targeting of tumors with a single-chain antigen-binding protein. The molecule, which was constructed and expressed in Escherichia coli, is a novel recombinant protein composed of a variable light-chain (VL), amino acid sequence of an immunoglobulin tethered to a variable heavy-chain (VH) sequence by a designed peptide. We(More)
The structure of ferricytochrome c' from Rhodospirillum molischianum has been crystallographically refined to 1.67 A resolution using a combination of reciprocal space and restrained least-squares refinement methods. The final crystallographic R-factor for 30,533 reflections measured with I greater than sigma (I) between infinity and 1.67 A is 0.188. The(More)
The structure of the B2 immunoglobulin-binding domain of streptococcal protein G has been determined at 1.67-A resolution using a combination of single isomorphous replacement (SIR) phasing and manual fitting of the coordinates of the NMR structure of B1 domain of streptococcal protein G [Gronenborn, A. M., et al. (1991) Science 253, 657-661]. The final R(More)