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Single-chain antigen-binding proteins are novel recombinant polypeptides, composed of an antibody variable light-chain amino acid sequence (VL) tethered to a variable heavy-chain sequence (VH) by a designed peptide that links the carboxyl terminus of the VL sequence to the amino terminus of the VH sequence. These proteins have the same specificities and(More)
Six individual amino acid substitutions at separate positions in the tertiary structure of subtilisin BPN' (EC were found to increase the stability of this enzyme, as judged by differential scanning calorimetry and decreased rates of thermal inactivation. These stabilizing changes, N218S, G169A, Y217K, M50F, Q206C, and N76D, were discovered(More)
The recent rise in systemic fungal infections has created a need for the development of new antifungal agents. As part of an effort to provide therapeutically effective inhibitors of fungal dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR), we have cloned, expressed, purified, crystallized, and determined the three-dimensional structure of Candida albicans DHFR. The(More)
We describe here the first in vivo targeting of tumors with a single-chain antigen-binding protein. The molecule, which was constructed and expressed in Escherichia coli, is a novel recombinant protein composed of a variable light-chain (VL), amino acid sequence of an immunoglobulin tethered to a variable heavy-chain (VH) sequence by a designed peptide. We(More)
The effects of linker length on binding affinity and degree of aggregation have been examined in the antifluorescein 4-4-20 and anticarcinoma CC49 single-chain Fvs. Longer linkers in the antifluorescein sFvs have higher affinities for fluorescein and aggregate less. A proteolytically susceptible site between Lys8 and Ser9, in the previously reported 212(More)
The structure of ferricytochrome c' from Rhodospirillum molischianum has been crystallographically refined to 1.67 A resolution using a combination of reciprocal space and restrained least-squares refinement methods. The final crystallographic R-factor for 30,533 reflections measured with I greater than sigma (I) between infinity and 1.67 A is 0.188. The(More)
The x-ray crystal structure of pea lectin, in complex with a methyl glycoside of the N-linked-type oligosaccharide trimannosyl core, methyl 3,6-di-O-(alpha-D-mannopyranosyl)-alpha-D-mannopyranoside, has been solved by molecular replacement and refined at 2.6-A resolution. The R factor is 0.183 for all data in the 8.0 to 2.6 A resolution range with an(More)
X-ray crystallographic analysis of 5-(4'-substituted phenyl)sulfanyl-2,4-diaminoquinazoline inhibitors in ternary complex with Candida albicans dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) and NADPH revealed two distinct modes of binding. The two compounds with small 4'-substituents (H and CH3) were found to bind with the phenyl group oriented in the plane of the(More)
The crystal complex of fluorescein bound to the high-affinity anti-fluorescein 4-4-20 Fab (Ka = 10(10) M-1 at 2 degrees C) has been determined at 1.85 A. Isomorphous crystals of two isoelectric forms (pI = 7.5 and 7.9) of the anti-fluorescein 4-4-20 Fab, an IgG2A [Gibson et al. (1988) Proteins: Struct. Funct. Genet., 3, 155-160], have been grown. Both(More)
1. A method is described for the isolation and purification of myoglobin from sperm whale skeletal muscle. The aqueous extract is brought to 25 % ethanol by volume at 10 to lZ” and pH 6.5. A fraction precipitated with lead subacetate is discarded. Myoglobin is precipitated from the supernatant solution at pH 7.20 by adding zinc acetate to a concentration of(More)