Karl Blyth Andree

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In the last few years two factors have helped to significantly advance our understanding of the Myxozoa. First, the phenomenal increase in fin fish aquaculture in the 1990s has lead to the increased importance of these parasites; in turn this has lead to intensified research efforts, which have increased knowledge of the development, diagnosis. and(More)
Sequences representing approximately 1,700 base pairs of the 18S rRNA gene from 10 different species in the genus Myxobolus were found to group them into 3 clusters that showed little correlation with spore morphology and size or host specificity, criteria currently used for both higher and lower taxonomic placements in the Myxozoa. Of the phenotypic(More)
Since 1998, episodes of mass mortality have occurred in populations of common carp Cyprinus carpio carpio in Israel and in populations of koi Cyprinus carpio koi in Israel and the USA. A herpesvirus isolated from infected fish has been shown in experimental studies to induce disease and mortality similar to those observed in outbreaks at infected farms.(More)
The alternating myxosporean and actinosporean stages of the myxozoan parasite Myxobolus cerebralis (Hofer 1903) from its salmonid fish and aquatic oligochaete hosts, respectively, were compared for sequence homology of the small subunit (18S) ribosomal RNA genes. A 99.8% similarity between the sequences of these two stages was substantially greater than(More)
A nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test was developed to amplify a segment of the 18S rRNA gene from Myxobolus cerebralis, the agent causing whirling disease in salmonid fish. The PCR amplifies a 415 bp amplicon that was identified by dideoxynucleotide terminated sequencing to be identical to the known 18S rDNA sequence of M. cerebralis. There was no(More)
The development of the triactinomyxon stage of Myxobolus cerebralis and release of mature spores from Tubifex tubifex were shown to be temperature dependent. In the present work, the effect of temperature over a range of 5-30 degrees C on the development and release of the triactinomyxon stages of M. cerebralis was studied. Infected T. tubifex stopped(More)
Six species of the genus Myxobolus (Myxozoa) from the marine environment were collected from two species of mullet (Mugil cephalus and Liza ramada) in Ichkeul Lake, Tunisia. Four of these species were described previously (Myxobolus bizerti, Myxobolus ichkeulensis, Myxobolus spinacurvatura, and Myxobolus episquamalis) and two (Myxobolus exiguus and(More)
The frequency and intensity of Pseudo-nitzschia spp. blooms along the coast of Catalonia have been increasing over the past 20 years. As species from this genus that are documented as toxigenic have been found in local waters, with both toxic and nontoxic species cooccurring in the same bloom, there is a need to develop management tools for discriminating(More)
Vitamin A (VA) has a key role in vertebrate morphogenesis, determining body patterning and growth through the control of cell proliferation and differentiation processes. VA regulates primary molecular pathways of those processes by the binding of its active metabolite (retinoic acid) to two types of specific nuclear receptors: retinoic acid receptors(More)
Myxobolus cerebralis, the myxosporean parasite-causing salmonid whirling disease, was first reported among rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in Germany in 1903. The parasite was reported for the first time in North America in 1958 among hatchery-reared trout in the eastern USA, presumably arriving with frozen trout shipments from Europe. A comparison of(More)