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Micturition in cats and rats with an intact neuraxis is dependent upon a spinobulbospinal reflex activated by A delta bladder afferents. This report describes changes in micturition reflexes 2 h to 14 weeks following spinal cord transection at the lower thoracic level. In acute spinal cats micturition reflexes were blocked, however, several weeks after(More)
The urethral rhabdosphincter and pelvic floor muscles are important in maintenance of urinary continence and in preventing descent of pelvic organs [i.e., pelvic organ prolapse (POP)]. Despite its clinical importance and complexity, a comprehensive review of neural control of the rhabdosphincter and pelvic floor muscles is lacking. The present review places(More)
Application of horseradish peroxidase to the pudendal nerve in the female cat labelled lumbosacral afferent and efferent neurons and their processes. Afferent axons entered the spinal cord primarily at the S1 and S2 segments and traveled rostrocaudally in Lissauer's tract and the dorsal columns. A distinctive component of the dorsal column projection was(More)
Serotonergic agonists that interact with the 5-HT1A receptor subtype cause marked decreases in blood pressure when administered to the medulla oblongata. In the present study, specific binding of the 5-HT1A-specific ligand, [3H]8-OH-DPAT, was determined in sections of the rat medulla oblongata using autoradiographic techniques. The highest density of(More)
This review deals with individual components regulating the neural control of the urinary bladder. This article will focus on factors and processes involved in the two modes of operation of the bladder: storage and elimination. Topics included in this review include: (1) The urothelium and its roles in sensor and transducer functions including interactions(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to characterize the innervation of the human female levator ani muscles. STUDY DESIGN Detailed dissections of the peripheral innervation of the iliococcygeal, pubococcygeal, puborectal, and coccygeal muscles were performed in 12 fresh-frozen female cadavers (aged, 32-100 years) with the use of transabdominal,(More)
In the ventral horn of the sacral spinal cord of the cat, opioid terminals are preferentially localized in Onuf's nucleus, an area containing motor neurons that innervate the striated muscle of the external urethral sphincter. The present study was undertaken to 1) compare the effects of selective opioid agonists on sphincter reflex pathways with the(More)
In humans, the pelvic floor skeletal muscles support the viscera. Damage to innervation of these muscles during parturition may contribute to pelvic organ prolapse and urinary incontinence. Unfortunately, animal models that are suitable for studying parturition-induced pelvic floor neuropathy and its treatment are rare. The present study describes the(More)
Autoradiographic techniques revealed that 5-hydroxytryptamine1A, 5-hydroxytryptamine1B and 5-hydroxytryptamine1C/2 binding sites are differentially distributed in the spinal cords of adult male rats. In the dorsal horn, 5-hydroxytryptamine1A sites were dense in all laminae; 5-hydroxytryptamine1B sites were more dense in laminae I, III and IV than in lamina(More)