Karl B. Rechinger

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Via functional complementation we have isolated the Hansenula polymorpha PDD1 gene essential for selective, macroautophagic peroxisome degradation. HpPDD1 encodes a 116 kDa protein with high similarity (42% identity) to Saccharomyces cerevisiae Vps34p, which has been implicated in vacuolar protein sorting and endocytosis. Western blotting experiments(More)
Hordein synthesis, transport and deposition was analysed by immunocytochemistry in developing endosperm cells of wild-type (Carlsberg II) and mutant varieties deficient in B hordein (hor2ca), gamma 1 hordein (Donetsky), gamma 2 hordein and minor B hordein polypeptides (Haisa), or gamma 3 hordein (Nevsky). In all varieties, hordein polypeptides were detected(More)
The development of a rapid method for measuring intracellular pH (pHi) in single bacterial cells is described. Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus and Listeria innocua were used as test organisms. The method is based upon fluorescence microscopy and ratio imaging of cells stained with carboxyfluorescein succinimidyl ester. After staining, the(More)
We show that a pH-sensitive derivative of the green fluorescent protein, designated ratiometric GFP, can be used to measure intracellular pH (pHi) in both gram-positive and gram-negative bacterial cells. In cells expressing ratiometric GFP, the excitation ratio (fluorescence intensity at 410 and 430 nm) is correlated to the pHi, allowing fast and(More)
Class IIa bacteriocins may be used as natural food preservatives, yet resistance development in the target organisms is still poorly understood. In this study, the understanding of class IIa resistance development in Listeria monocytogenes is extended, linking the seemingly diverging results previously reported. Eight resistant mutants having a high(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate if the measurement of intracellular pH (pHi) of individual cells by fluorescence ratio imaging microscopy (FRIM) could be utilized as a rapid method for determining the bacterial viability, using Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus as a model organism. Five different standardized cultures with equal cell(More)
The hydrogenosomal malic enzyme (ME) was purified from the anaerobic fungus Neocallimastix frontalis. Using reverse genetics, the corresponding cDNA was isolated and characterized. The deduced amino acid sequence of the ME showed high similarity to ME from metazoa, plants and protists. Putative functional domains for malate and NAD+/NADP+ binding were(More)
AIMS To examine isolates of Bacillus subtilis and B. pumilus predominant in Soumbala for their ability to degrade African locust bean proteins (ALBP). METHODS AND RESULTS Agar diffusion test in casein and ALBP agar was used for screening of isolates. The profiles of water-soluble proteins and free amino acids (FAA) during the fermentation of ALBP by the(More)
The proteomes of exponentially growing and stationary cells of Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus grown in rich medium (MRS) were separated by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2-DE) and quantified after Coomassie staining. Stationary cells grown in MRS were inoculated in reconstituted skim milk, and "early" protein synthesis during(More)
Five monoclonal antibodies raised against an enriched C hordein fraction have been characterized in detail and were found to be specific for the members of the sulphur-rich hordein family. Two antibodies specific for B hordein polypeptides were identified, one of which reacted predominantly with CNBr cleavage class III polypeptides. γ1 hordein was(More)