Karl Auerswald

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The relationship between carbon isotope discrimination (13) of C3 vegetation and long-term (30 years) and short-term (growing period) precipitation was investigated. Different species of Stipa, a dominant grass genus in the (semi-)arid Asian steppes, and other C3 species were collected along aridity gradients in Inner Mongolia in 2005 (11 sites, 71 samples)(More)
On-the-go data collection yields spatially referenced information at a sub-field scale that is needed for many applications like precision farming. A spatial offset occurs between sensor and position measurements if the GPS-antenna is not placed on top of the sensor. To correct for such an offset, we present a kine-matic model that accounts for the(More)
Invasions of Ponto-Caspian gobiid fishes are suspected to cause regime shifts in freshwater ecosystems. This study compared the trophic niche differentiations of Neogobius melanostomus and Ponticola kessleri in the upper Danube River using stable isotope analyses (δ13C and δ15N), gut content analyses and morphometric analyses of the digestive tract. Both(More)
Variation in the computation of slope from digital elevation data can result in significantly different slope values and can, in turn, lead to widely varying estimates of environmental phenomena such as soil erosion that are highly dependent on slope. Ten methods of computing slope from distributed elevation data, utilizing capabilities inherent in five(More)
Carbon and nitrogen isotope signatures (delta(13)C and delta(15)N) of animal tissues provide information about the diet and, hence, the environment in which the animals are living. Hair is particularly useful as it provides a stable archive of temporal (e.g. seasonal) fluctuations in diet isotope composition. It can be sampled easily and with minimal(More)
Understanding the patterns and drivers of carbon isotope discrimination in C(4) species is critical for predicting the effects of global change on C(3)/C(4) ratio of plant community and consequently on ecosystem functioning and services. Cleistogenes squarrosa (Trin.) Keng is a dominant C(4) perennial bunchgrass of arid and semi-arid ecosystems across the(More)
The hyporheic zone in stream ecosystems is a heterogeneous key habitat for species across many taxa. Consequently, it attracts high attention among freshwater scientists, but generally applicable guidelines on sampling strategies are lacking. Thus, the objective of this study was to develop and validate such sampling guidelines. Applying geostatistical(More)
Stomata are mediators of gas exchange and thus important for photosynthesis and plant performance. The aim of this study was to analyze the ecological explanatory power of the stomatal pore area index (SPI) calculated via stomatal size and density. We studied the SPI on sun leaves of 22 herbaceous species on 22 study sites being distributed along two(More)
Anchialine pools are unique localized brackish water ecosystems, comprised of fresh groundwater and saltwater from the ocean mixing through subterranean pathways. This study characterized physicochemical properties, biological communities, and food web structures in anchialine pools on Hawaii Island, hypothesizing pronounced differences between pools with(More)
Isotopic variation of food stuffs propagates through trophic systems. But, this variation is dampened in each trophic step, due to buffering effects of metabolic and storage pools. Thus, understanding of isotopic variation in trophic systems requires knowledge of isotopic turnover. In animals, turnover is usually quantified in diet-switch experiments in(More)