Karine Sadoul

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VAMP proteins are important components of the machinery controlling docking and/or fusion of secretory vesicles with their target membrane. We investigated the expression of VAMP proteins in pancreatic beta-cells and their implication in the exocytosis of insulin. cDNA cloning revealed that VAMP-2 and cellubrevin, but not VAMP-1, are expressed in rat(More)
Histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) is a unique enzyme with specific structural and functional features. It is actively or stably maintained in the cytoplasm and is the only member, within the histone deacetylase family, that harbors a full duplication of its deacetylase homology region followed by a specific ubiquitin-binding domain at the C-terminus end.(More)
Vesicle-associated membrane protein-2 (VAMP-2) and cellubrevin are associated with the membrane of insulin-containing secretory granules and of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-containing synaptic-like vesicles of pancreatic beta-cells. We found that a point mutation in VAMP-2 preventing targeting to synaptic vesicles also impairs the localization on(More)
SNAP-25 is known as a neuron specific molecule involved in the fusion of small synaptic vesicles with the presynaptic plasma membrane. By immunolocalization and Western blot analysis, it is now shown that SNAP-25 is also expressed in pancreatic endocrine cells. Botulinum neurotoxins (BoNT) A and E were used to study the role of SNAP-25 in insulin secretion.(More)
The synaptosomal-associated protein of 25 kDa (SNAP-25) is expressed in neurons and endocrine cells. It has been shown to play an important role in the release mechanism of neurotransmitters and peptide hormones, including insulin. Thus, when insulin-secreting cells are permeabilized and treated with botulinum neurotoxin E (BoNT/E), SNAP-25 is hydrolyzed,(More)
The tSNARE SNAP-25 is expressed in pancreatic (beta)-cells and is involved in the regulated release of insulin. It has been shown previously that SNAP-25 associates with the plasma membrane consequent to palmitoylation of one or more cysteines in the central region of the molecule. The importance of palmitolyation in the biological function of SNAP-25 in(More)
We have investigated the effect of botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) C1 light chain (LC) on insulin exocytosis from the clonal beta-cell line HIT-T15. In streptolysin-O permeabilized cells, the beta-cell impermeant BoNT C1 cleaved mainly syntaxin 1 and inhibited Ca2+ as well as GTPgammaS induced exocytosis. To study the effect of BoNTs in intact cells, we(More)
The tSNARE (the target-membrane soluble NSF-attachment protein receptor, where NSF is N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive fusion protein) synaptosomal-associated protein of 25 kDa (SNAP-25) is expressed in pancreatic B-cells and its cleavage by botulinum neurotoxin E (BoNT/E) abolishes stimulated secretion of insulin. In the nervous system, two SNAP-25 isoforms (a(More)
Dispersed rat islet cells embedded in a matrix of collagen I are known to form aggregates in vitro reminiscent of native islets. Furthermore, it appears that islet function and survival are better maintained in vitro when cells are grown in the presence of extracellular matrix. These studies suggest an important role of cell--matrix interactions in the(More)
SNAP-25 is expressed in neurons and endocrine cells and is essential for exocytosis of neurotransmitters and peptide hormones. It has been shown to be involved in several interactions with other proteins of the secretion machinery. Here we show that SNAP-25 can self-associate to form a disulfide-linked complex. Complex formation is facilitated in vitro (in(More)