Karine S Faucher

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PURPOSE Phase I clinical and in vitro studies of gemcitabine (2',2'-difluorodeoxycytidine; dFdC) have demonstrated that the accumulation rate of dFdC 5'-triphosphate (dFdCTP) in mononuclear and leukemia cells is saturated when plasma or extracellular dFdC levels exceed 15 to 20 mumol/L. Thus, we designed a phase I study to maximize the accumulation of(More)
Oxidative stress results from the imbalance between reactive oxygen species (ROS) and ROS-scavenging molecules. Among them, cytosolic glutathione peroxidase (GPX1) plays a major role as it reduces a large part of intracellular ROS. Endothelial cells are a barrier for potentially aggressive molecules circulating in the blood stream and, therefore, are often(More)
Behavioural responses of sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax were investigated after exposure to cadmium ions in laboratory-controlled conditions. The aim of this study was to discover whether environmental exposure to cadmium ions inactivates fish lateral line system neuromasts, and to determine the behavioural consequences of such a sensory blockage. For this,(More)
This study addresses the ultrastructural and functional damage and subsequent recovery of the inner ear in the Atlantic cod following intrasaccular gentamicin injection. Inner ear damage was assessed using SEM and measurements of AEP following 250-Hz pure-tone stimuli. Data from gentamicin-treated fish were compared with control (no injection) and sham(More)
5-Lipoxygenase (5-LOX) is the key enzyme responsible for the synthesis of the biologically active leukotrienes. Its presence has been reported in cells of the myeloid lineage and B lymphocytes but has not been formally defined in T lymphocytes. In this study, we provide evidence for 5-LOX expression on both transcriptional and translational levels in highly(More)
The effect of chronic exposure to a low concentration (0.5 microg l(-1)) of cadmium ions was investigated on escape behaviour of sea bass, Dicentrarchus labrax, using video analysis. Observations were also performed on the microanatomy of lateral system neuromasts. When fish were exposed for 4h per day over 8 days to the cadmium ions, most of both types of(More)
UNLABELLED Fish models are increasingly being used for hearing research investigations. Aminoglycoside antibiotics that are used for damaging the inner ear hair cells can have systemic side effects leading to death of study animals. This study aimed to compare two methods: (i) systemic (intravenous) and (ii) local (intrasaccular) gentamicin administration(More)
The morphology and spatial distribution of the different types of neuromasts encountered on the trunk lateral line of the sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) were examined using scanning electron microscopy. The sea bass trunk lateral line exhibits a complete straight pattern. In their basic features, the two types of neuromasts present, canal and superficial,(More)
As they scavenge reactive oxygen species, antioxidants were studied for their ability to interfere with apoptotic processes. However, their mechanisms of action remain unclear. In this study, we measured the expression of two Bcl-2 family members, Bax and Bcl-2, in a human endothelial like cell-line overexpressing the organic hydroperoxide-scavenging enzyme(More)
The effect of chronic exposure to uranium ions (UO(2)(2+)) on sensory tissues including the olfactory and lateral line systems was investigated in zebrafish (Danio rerio) using scanning electron microscopy. The aim of this study was to determine whether exposure to uranium damaged sensory tissues in fish. The fish were exposed to uranium at the(More)