Karine Poulard

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The early steps of adeno-associated virus (AAV) infection involve attachment to a variety of cell surface receptors (heparan sulfate, integrins, and fibroblast growth factor receptor 1) followed by clathrin-dependent or independent internalization. Here we have studied the subsequent intracellular trafficking of AAV particles from the endosomal compartment(More)
Loss-of-function mutations in the myotubularin gene (MTM1) cause X-linked myotubular myopathy (XLMTM), a fatal, congenital pediatric disease that affects the entire skeletal musculature. Systemic administration of a single dose of a recombinant serotype 8 adeno-associated virus (AAV8) vector expressing murine myotubularin to Mtm1-deficient knockout mice at(More)
Mutations in the gene encoding the phosphoinositide 3-phosphatase myotubularin (MTM1) are responsible for a pediatric disease of skeletal muscle named myotubular myopathy (XLMTM). Muscle fibers from MTM1-deficient mice present defects in excitation-contraction (EC) coupling likely responsible for the disease-associated fatal muscle weakness. However, the(More)
A recombinant adeno-associated virus serotype 2 Reference Standard Material (rAAV2 RSM) has been produced and characterized with the purpose of providing a reference standard for particle titer, vector genome titer, and infectious titer for AAV2 gene transfer vectors. Production and purification of the reference material were carried out by helper(More)
Skeletal muscle excitation–contraction (E–C) coupling is altered in several models of phosphatidylinositol phosphate (PtdInsP) phosphatase deficiency and ryanodine receptor activity measured in vitro was reported to be affected by certain PtdInsPs, thus prompting investigation of the physiological role of PtdInsPs in E–C coupling. We measured intracellular(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical development of adeno-associated virus (AAV) requires standardised, safe, efficient and scalable procedures for the manufacture of the rAAV vector, including production, purification and testing. Several strategies have been reported for the approach to the manufacturing problem. We report a helper virus-free process that produces high(More)
X-linked myotubular myopathy (XLMTM) results from MTM1 gene mutations and myotubularin deficiency. Most XLMTM patients develop severe muscle weakness leading to respiratory failure and death, typically within 2 years of age. Our objective was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of systemic gene therapy in the p.N155K canine model of XLMTM by performing a(More)
INTRODUCTION X-linked myotubular myopathy (XLMTM), a devastating pediatric disease caused by the absence of the protein myotubularin, results from mutations in the MTM1 gene. While there is no cure for XLMTM, we previously reported effects of MTM1 gene therapy using adeno-associated virus (AAV) vector on muscle weakness and pathology in MTM1-mutant dogs.(More)
A permissive site for insertion of heterologous peptide sequences has been identified in the capsid proteins of AAV2. While attempting to use this site for insertion of a nuclear localization sequence, we have observed a drastic reduction in the yield of DNA-containing particles. ELISA analysis showed that capsid assembly was modestly affected, whereas(More)
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