Karine M. Clauwaert

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In this study, regional tissue distributions of the amphetamine analogue 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, "ecstasy") and its metabolite 3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA) in a fatal overdose are presented. Quantitation of MDMA and MDA levels occurred in blood samples taken centrally (right and left heart and main adjacent great vessels) and(More)
A 26-year-old black female was found dead at home. Her mouth was covered with a fluid containing chalky particles. Empty strips of Imovane (zopiclone) and an empty bottle of Fortal (pentazocine) were also found. No urine was available at autopsy. Screening of postmortem blood and stomach contents with enzyme-multiplied immunoassay technique (EMIT) detected(More)
A method using liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry is described for the determination of drugs of abuse in oral fluid. The method is able to simultaneously quantify amphetamines (amphetamine, methamphetamine, MDA, MDMA and MDEA), opiates (morphine and codeine), cocaine and benzoylecgonine. Only 200 micro of oral fluid is spent for(More)
We developed an automated colorimetric method for the quantitative determination of p-aminophenol with a Cobas Mira analyzer. The procedure can be used for the biological monitoring of human exposure to aniline. An absorbed aniline dose is extensively oxidized to p-aminophenol, which is excreted in urine mainly as glucurono- and sulfo- conjugates. After(More)
Abuse of amphetamine derivatives such as 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) and 3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA) is an important issue in current forensic practice and fatalities are not infrequent. Therefore, we investigated an immunohistochemical method to detect the amphetamine analogues MDMA and MDA in human tissues. For the staining(More)
Post-mortem redistribution is known to influence blood and tissue levels of various drugs. An animal model was used in an attempt to elucidate this problem for the amphetamine analogue, 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA). Rabbits received 1 mg/kg MDMA intravenously (iv) and were killed 2 h later in order to simulate the state of complete distribution(More)
As drug instability and redistribution are factors known to affect the interpretation of post-mortem blood levels, we questioned whether post-mortem vitreous humour concentrations could be useful as predictors for the MDMA load at the time of death. In a first series of in vivo experiments using rabbits, 3,4-methylenedioxy-methamphetamine (MDMA)(More)
A controlled study was undertaken to determine the stability of the designer drugs MDA, MDMA and MDEA in pooled serum, whole blood, water and urine samples over a period of 21 weeks. The concentrations of the individual designer drugs in the various matrices were monitored over time, in the dark at various temperatures (-20, 4 or 20 degrees C), for a low(More)
An extraction with Bond Elut Certify solid-phase extraction (SPE) columns is developed for the isolation of cocaine, benzoylecgonine, and cocaethylene from whole blood and serum followed by reversed-phase liquid chromatography with diode-array detection. Two internal standards (2'-methylbenzoylecgonine and 2'-methylcocaine) with close structural resemblance(More)
A solid phase extraction method was developed for the isolation of cocaine, benzoylecgonine, and cocaethylene from urine followed by high-performance liquid chromatography/diode array detection. The application of a new solid hybrid phase extraction technology produced much cleaner extracts than conventional extraction procedures and made the selective(More)