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The complete 1,751,377-bp sequence of the genome of the thermophilic archaeon Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum deltaH has been determined by a whole-genome shotgun sequencing approach. A total of 1,855 open reading frames (ORFs) have been identified that appear to encode polypeptides, 844 (46%) of which have been assigned putative functions based on(More)
GMX1777 is a prodrug of the small molecule GMX1778, currently in phase I clinical trials for the treatment of cancer. We describe findings indicating that GMX1778 is a potent and specific inhibitor of the NAD(+) biosynthesis enzyme nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT). Cancer cells have a very high rate of NAD(+) turnover, which makes NAD(+)(More)
The protonmotive cytochrome b protein of the mitochondrial bc1 respiratory chain complex contains two reactions centers, designated Qo and Qi, which can be distinguished by the effects of different inhibitors. The nucleotide sequences have been determined of the mitochondrial cytochrome b genes from a series of mouse cell mutants selected for increased(More)
Lens fiber proteins with apparent molecular weights 57,000, 70,000, 82,000, and 100,000 were components in urea insoluble, membrane-rich fractions. Monoclonal antibodies against these proteins labeled membranes by immunofluorescence microscopy of sheep lens cryosections and are thus referred to as membrane proteins MP57, MP70, MP82, and MP100. MP70 has(More)
GMX1778 was recently shown to function as a potent inhibitor of nicotinamide phosphoribosyl transferase. To translate the discovery of GMX1778 mechanism of action into optimal clinical use of its intravenously administered prodrug, GMX1777, the efficacy of GMX1777 was evaluated in xenograft models and the pharmacokinetic profile of GMX1778 and its effect on(More)
"Ball and socket"-like membrane processes interlock fiber cells in the sheep lens cortex, but appear reduced deeper in the lens. Wheat germ agglutinin (WGA) binds preferentially to these ball and socket structures, and more weakly to other membrane regions. On protein blots, 125I WGA binds to glycoproteins with 140,000 and 32,000 apparent molecular weight,(More)
Escherichia coli characteristically lyses upon treatment with most beta-lactam antimicrobial agents. In contrast, an investigational aminothiazole cephem, CGP 31523A, produced a new combination of antibacterial effects: it was highly bactericidal without causing cell wall degradation or lysis. Killing was associated with the formation of vacuolated(More)
Fractions from a Sephadex gel filtration of homogenized Ascidia nigra blood cell lysate were analyzed for vanadium by atomic absorption spectroscopy. The results were unaffected by temperature from 4-21 degrees C, and by ionic strength in the range 0.09-1.0 M (NaCl). Appreciable loss of vanadium in the supernatant was experienced above pH 2.2. Experiments(More)
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