Learn More
Many researchers have examined the perception of the third dimension or the preference for three-dimensional versus two-dimensional stimuli in infants, but little is known about infants' representation of the third dimension in a two-dimensional display. Two experiments were conducted to study this capacity. The first experiment was a replication of earlier(More)
Crossmodal linkage between the olfactory and visual senses is still largely underexplored. In this study, we investigated crossmodal olfactory-visual associations by testing whether and how visual processing of objects is affected by the presence of olfactory cues. To this end, we explored the influence of prior learned associations between an odour (eg(More)
We studied the time course of the cerebral integration of olfaction in the visual processing of emotional faces during an orthogonal task asking for detection of red-colored faces among expressive faces. Happy, angry, disgust, fearful, sad, and neutral faces were displayed in pleasant, aversive or no odor control olfactory contexts while EEG was recorded to(More)
It has been established that the recognition of facial expressions integrates contextual information. In this study, we aimed to clarify the influence of contextual odors. The participants were asked to match a target face varying in expression intensity with non-ambiguous expressive faces. Intensity variations in the target faces were designed by morphing(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Five commercial devices are available for mechanical thrombectomy in acute ischemic stroke. This study evaluated and compared the resultant arterial damage from these devices. MATERIALS AND METHODS Wall damage after 4 wall-contact devices (the Merci retriever, Catch thromboembolectomy system, and Solitaire FR revascularization(More)
The small number of nodes harvested with lymphatic mapping and sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy has allowed a more detailed pathologic examination of those nodes. Immunohistochemical stains for cytokeratin (CK-IHC) have been used in an attempt to minimize the false negative rate for SLN mapping. This study examines the value of CK-IHC positivity in(More)
The development of children's ability to recognize facial emotions and the role of configural information in this development were investigated. In the study, 100 5-, 7-, 9-, and 11-year-olds and 26 adults needed to recognize the emotion displayed by upright and upside-down faces. The same participants needed to recognize the emotion displayed by the top(More)
This study investigated children's perceptual ability to process second-order facial relations. In total, 78 children in three age groups (7, 9, and 11 years) and 28 adults were asked to say whether the eyes were the same distance apart in two side-by-side faces. The two faces were similar on all points except the space between the eyes, which was either(More)
Four-month-old infants were habituated with an upright or an upside-down face. Eye-movement recordings showed that the upright and upside-down faces were not explored the same way. Infants spent more time exploring internal features, mainly in the region of the nose and mouth, when the face was upright. They also alternated as frequently between the face's(More)
In recent years, the old debate about the beginning of representational capacities in childhood has been revived, fueled by new evidence of early cognitive capacities. This new evidence necessitates further reflection on the nature of the representations involved in early cognitive functioning. One important goal is to determine which situation will provide(More)