Karine Bruyère

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The anisotropic failure characteristics of human skin are relatively unknown at strain rates typical in impact biomechanics. This study reports the results of an experimental protocol to quantify the effect of dynamic strain rates and the effect of sample orientation with respect to the Langer lines. Uniaxial tensile tests were carried out at three strain(More)
This study aimed at developing a shoulder finite element (FE) model able to simulate the dynamic behaviour and to predict injuries in case of side impacts. This model is an updated version of the initial Human Model for Safety (HUMOS) FE model of the human body. Simulations performed with the model have been compared to experimental results of side impact(More)
Finite element body models enable the evaluation of car occupant protection. In general, these models represent average males and inter-individual geometry variability is not taken into account. As the most frequent shoulder injury during car lateral accidents is a clavicle fracture, the purpose of this study is to investigate whether clavicle geometry has(More)
Collagen fibres play an important role in the mechanical behaviour of many soft tissues. Modelling of such tissues now often incorporates a collagen fibre distribution. However, the availability of accurate structural data has so far lagged behind the progress of anisotropic constitutive modelling. Here, an automated process is developed to identify the(More)
The present study aims at providing quantitative data for the personalisation of geometrical and mechanical characteristics of the adult cranial bone to be applied to head FE models. A set of 351 cranial bone samples, harvested from 21 human skulls, were submitted to three-point bending tests at 10 mm/min. For each of them, an apparent elastic modulus was(More)
The responses of head and thorax of cadaver and Hybrid III were compared using frontal sled tests. Four pairs of tests were conducted at 50km/h. Two types of force-limiting belt were used. Subject instrumentation included head and spinal accelerometers. Following the tests, autopsies were performed. This research provided complementary information(More)
Introduction Skin is a complex, multi-layered material which exhibits non-linear, anisotropic and viscoelastic behaviour. Its structure is complex and can be broadly divided into three main layers: the epidermis, the dermis and hypodermis. The thickest of these layers, the dermis, consists of strong stiff collagen fibres which govern many of the mechanical(More)
In this study we have investigated in influence of location, gender and orientation on the deformation characteristics of 55 samples of human excised skin. Uniaxial tensile tests were carried out at a strain rate of 0.012s on excised human skin from the back. The deformation characteristics of skin (Ultimate Tensile Strength (P<0.0001), Failure Strain(More)
Thoracic injuries are a major cause of mortality in frontal collisions, especially for elderly female and obese people. Car occupant individual characteristics like age, gender and Body Mass Index (BMI) are known to influence human vulnerability tolerance in crashes. The objective of the this study was to perform in vivo test experiments to quantify the(More)