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In hypertension, increased peripheral vascular resistance results from vascular dysfunction with or without structural changes (vessel wall remodeling and/or microvascular rarefaction). Humans with lower birth weight exhibit evidence of vascular dysfunction. The current studies were undertaken to investigate whether in utero programming of hypertension is(More)
The onset of preeclampsia is associated with increased maternal insult that could affect placental function. By increasing sodium intake (0.9% or 1.8% NaCl in drinking water) during the last week of gestation in the rat, we developed an animal model that shows many characteristics of preeclampsia such as increased blood pressure, decreased circulatory(More)
During development, the risk of developing mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) increases when the developing brain is exposed to more than one insult in early life. Early life insults include abnormalities of cortical development, hypoxic-ischemic injury and prolonged febrile seizures. To study epileptogenesis, we have developed a two-hit model of MTLE(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigate associations of regional adipose tissues with cardiometabolic profile of nonobese and apparently healthy young adults. METHODS Four hundred twenty-five nonobese and apparently healthy individuals were assessed for blood pressure and fasting lipid profile, blood glucose and adiponectin. Subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue (SAT)(More)
By feeding a low-sodium diet to dams over the last third of gestation, we have developed an animal model of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). Given that fetal adrenal development and maturation occur during late gestation in rats, the aim of this study was to evaluate the expression of proteins and enzymes involved in steroidogenesis and catecholamine(More)
Sodium supplementation given for 1 wk to nonpregnant rats induces changes that are adequate to maintain renal and circulatory homeostasis as well as arterial blood pressure. However, in pregnant rats, proteinuria, fetal growth restriction, and placental oxidative stress are observed. Moreover, the decrease in blood pressure and expansion of circulatory(More)
Pladys, P., F. Sennlaub, S. Brault, D. Checchin, I. Lahaie, N. L. O. Lê, K. Bibeau, G. Cambonie, D. Abran, M. Brochu, G. Thibault, P. Hardy, S. Chemtob, and A. M. Nuyt. Microvascular rarefaction and decreased angiogenesis in rats with fetal programming of hypertension associated with exposure to a low-protein diet in utero. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp(More)
AIMS Assessment of cardiac anatomy and function by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) is accurate and reproducible and is commonly performed to clarify borderline results obtained by other techniques. Normal reference values are lacking in a large sample of young healthy adults. As CMR is increasingly solicited to discriminate normality from equivocal(More)
In low sodium-induced intrauterine growth restricted (IUGR) rat, foetal adrenal steroidogenesis as well as the adult renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) is altered. The aim of the present study was to determine the expression of cytochrome P450 aldosterone synthase (P450aldo) and of angiotensin II receptor subtypes 1 (AT(1)R) and 2 (AT(2)R) in adult(More)
Lower maternal plasma volume expansion was found in idiopathic intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) but the link remains to be elucidated. An animal model of IUGR was developed by giving a low-sodium diet to rats over the last week of gestation. This treatment prevents full expansion of maternal circulating volume and the increase in uterine artery(More)