Karine Auclair

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Polyketides, the ubiquitous products of secondary metabolism in microorganisms, are made by a process resembling fatty acid biosynthesis that allows the suppression of reduction or dehydration reactions at specific biosynthetic steps, giving rise to a wide range of often medically useful products. The lovastatin biosynthesis cluster contains two type I(More)
Lovastatin biosynthesis in Aspergillus terreus involves two unusual type I multifunctional polyketide syntheses (PKSs). Lovastatin nonaketide synthase (LNKS), the product of the lovB gene, is an iterative PKS that interacts with LovC, a putative enoyl reductase, to catalyze the 35 separate reactions in the biosynthesis of dihydromonacolin L, a lovastatin(More)
The Ginkgo biloba extract EGb761 was tested for its ability to inhibit the major human cytochrome P450 enzymes (CYPs). The full extract was found to strongly inhibit CYP2C9 (Ki = 14+/- 4 microg/mL), and to a lesser extent, CYP1A2 (Ki = 106 +/- 24 microg/mL), CYP2E1 (Ki = 127 +/- 42 microg/mL), and CYP3A4 (Ki = 155 +/- 43 microg/mL). The terpenoidic and(More)
For centuries the South Pacific islanders have consumed kava (Piper methysticum) as a ceremonial intoxicating beverage. More recently, caplets of kava extracts have been commercialized for their anxiolytic and antidepressant activities. Several cases of hepatotoxicity have been reported following consumption of the commercial preparation whereas no serious(More)
The cytochrome P450 enzymes (P450s or CYPs) form a large family of heme proteins involved in drug metabolism and in the biosynthesis of steroids, lipids, vitamins and natural products. Their remarkable ability to catalyze the insertion of oxygen into non-activated C-H bonds has attracted the interest of chemists for several decades. Very few chemical(More)
The fungal metabolite lovastatin and its derivatives are widely prescribed cholesterol-lowering drugs that act as potent inhibitors of (3S)-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-Coenzyme A reductase (HMG-CoA reductase). These drugs and a number of analogs that have been approved for use in humans are manufactured by fermentation in combination with subsequent chemical(More)
Allostery has been studied for many decades, yet it remains challenging to determine experimentally how it occurs at a molecular level. We have developed an approach combining isothermal titration calorimetry, circular dichroism and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy to quantify allostery in terms of protein thermodynamics, structure and dynamics. This(More)
Norcarane (1) and spiro[2.5]octane (2) yield different product distributions depending on whether they are oxidized via concerted, radical, or cationic mechanisms. For this reason, these two probes were used to investigate the mechanisms of hydrocarbon hydroxylation by two mammalian and two bacterial cytochrome P450 enzymes. Products indicative of a radical(More)
Aminoglycosides are antibacterial compounds that act by binding to the A site of the small 30S bacterial ribosomal subunit and inhibiting protein translation. Clinical resistance to aminoglycosides is generally the result of the expression of enzymes that covalently modify the antibiotic, including phosphorylation, adenylylation, and acetylation.(More)