Learn More
Background: The magnitude of surgical trauma after laparoscopic and open colonic resection was evaluated by examining postoperative serum values of interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-10, C-reactive protein (CRP), and granulocyte elastase (GE) for further evidence of the benefit realized with minimally invasive approaches in colonic surgery. Methods: Altogether, 42(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to assess whether systemic proinflammatory cytokines (IL-6), anti-inflammatory cytokines (IL-4, IL-10), acute phase proteins (C-reactive protein), or granulocyte elastase are valuable indicators for determining the degree of surgical trauma after open vs. laparoscopic-assisted resections in Crohn's disease. METHOD Eleven(More)
PURPOSE Short-term benefits have been demonstrated for laparoscopic-assisted colectomy. However, minimally invasive surgery is still in an evolutionary phase. In demonstrating that robotic devices also are useful in laparoscopic colonic surgery, it is fundamental to prove that a single surgeon can perform almost the entire operation on his own. METHODS A(More)
It has been shown that transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is useful in evaluating atheromatous disease of the aortic arch and that such disease is a risk factor for stroke in medical patients. Data obtained by traditional methods of evaluating the aortic arch prior to cardiac surgery, namely, chest x-ray (CXR) and cardiac catheterization (CATH), were(More)
An examination of the medical and physiological effects of functional electrical stimulation (FES) applied to the quadriceps muscle of five paraplegic male volunteers with complete spinal cord injuries was performed. FES training was provided three days a week over a 12-week period using a progressive resistive exercise protocol. Stimulation was applied(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate recombinant human hemoglobin (rHb1.1) in patients undergoing surgery involving general anesthesia; examine rHb1.1 for toxicity, including renal dysfunction and hypertension; and measure plasma concentrations of rHb1.1 over time. DESIGN Prospective, double-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled study. SETTING University medical(More)
OBJECTIVE The primary objective was to evaluate the clinical safety and effectiveness of the iontophoretic administration of lidocaine HCl 2% and epinephrine 1:100,000 to induce local dermal anesthesia before intravenous (i.v.) cannulation. DESIGN Section I: Open, nonblinded. Section II: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled. SETTING Section I:(More)
In 41 anesthetized, spontaneously breathing male adult albino rats, cerebral hypotension of precisely defined duration and magnitude was induced by means of controlled arterial hemorrhage. One common carotid artery was occluded throughout the hypotensive period, and the target pressure was monitored in the ipsilateral internal carotid artery. Regional brain(More)
Procainamide kinetics were studied in six children after a single intravenous dose. Two-compartment kinetic analysis of serum concentration-time curves of five children, who received a dose of 5.5 +/- 0.9 mg/kg (mean +/- SD), revealed the following values for kinetic parameters: distribution half-life, 10.3 +/- 3.4 min; elimination half-life, 1.7 +/- 0.1(More)
Cochlear implantation has been established as a method of auditory rehabilitation for selected deaf children. However, as with any surgical procedure, complications can occur and may be particularly devastating in children. In this retrospective study, complications encountered in 100 consecutive cochlear implant surgeries in children were analyzed.(More)