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The vitamin D hormone 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) [1,25-(OH)(2)D(3)], the biologically active form of vitamin D, is essential for an intact mineral metabolism. Using gene targeting, we sought to generate vitamin D receptor (VDR) null mutant mice carrying the reporter gene lacZ driven by the endogenous VDR promoter. Here we show that our gene-targeted mutant(More)
Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) is the most potent Ca(2+)-releasing second messenger known to date. Here, we report a new role for NAADP in arrhythmogenic Ca(2+) release in cardiac myocytes evoked by β-adrenergic stimulation. Infusion of NAADP into intact cardiac myocytes induced global Ca(2+) signals sensitive to inhibitors of both(More)
Because of the potential impact on agriculture and other key human activities, efforts have been dedicated to the local control of precipitation. The most common approach consists of dispersing small particles of dry ice, silver iodide, or other salts in the atmosphere. Here we show, using field experiments conducted under various atmospheric conditions,(More)
BACKGROUND The level of serum insulinlike growth factor 1 (IGF-1) is increased in idiopathic Parkinson disease (PD). OBJECTIVES To assess whether the (1) IGF-1 level is increased in patients with PD at the time of diagnosis, (2) increased IGF-1 level is related to impaired motor function in healthy individuals, and (3) detection of increased IGF-1 level(More)
BACKGROUND Immune-mediated rejection of labeled cells is a general problem in transplantation studies using cells labeled with any immunogenic marker, and also in gene therapy protocols. The aim of this study was to establish a syngeneic model for long-term histological cell tracking in the absence of immune-mediated rejection of labeled cells in(More)
Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS) is characterized by severe intrauterine and postnatal growth failure and frequent body asymmetry. Half of the patients with SRS carry a DNA hypomethylation of the imprinting center region 1 (ICR1) of the insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2)/H19 locus, and the clinical phenotype is most severe in these patients. We aimed to(More)
Cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR, 1, Scheme 1), originally isolated from sea urchins by Lee and co-workers, [1] is a general mediator of intracellular Ca 2+ ion signaling. [2] Analogues of cADPR have been extensively designed and synthesized [3, 4] because of their potential usefulness for investigating the mechanisms of cADPR-mediated Ca 2+ release and application(More)
Two nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+)) analogues modified at the 6 position of the purine ring were synthesized, and their substrate properties toward Aplysia californica ADP-ribosyl cyclase were investigated. 6-N-Methyl NAD(+) (6-N-methyl nicotinamide adenosine 5'-dinucleotide 10) hydrolyzes to give the linear 6-N-methyl ADPR (adenosine(More)
BACKGROUND Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is the most common heart disease in Doberman Pinschers. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short non-coding RNAs playing important roles in gene regulation. Different miRNA expression patterns have been described for DCM in humans and might represent potential diagnostic markers. There are no studies investigating miRNA(More)