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Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can now be applied to patients who have just had intensive care treatment. The authors tested whether the reliability of the diagnosis depends on the measuring instrument used and whether the occurrence of PTSD is related to the presence of preexisting psychic disorders or to a worsening of the patients' general(More)
OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of topiramate versus placebo in the treatment of aggression in women who meet the criteria for borderline personality disorder. METHOD We conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled study of topiramate in 29 female subjects (response rate 93.5%) meeting SCID (Structured Clinical(More)
BACKGROUND Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a complex mental disease associated with severe serious functional impairment, affective instability, and impulsive aggression. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of topiramate versus placebo in the treatment of aggression in men with borderline personality disorder. METHODS We conducted(More)
BACKGROUND Recurrent heart problems and, especially, chest pain in the absence of somatic heart disease is a common finding, although challenging to treat. OBJECTIVE The authors assessed a body-oriented approach to the somatic fixation frequently seen in these patients. METHOD They conducted a controlled study to assess the effect of functional(More)
Social phobia is an anxiety disorder characterized by extreme fear and phobic avoidance of social and performance situations and by a relatively poor health-related quality of life. The goal of this study was to compare the efficacy of mirtazapine versus placebo in the treatment of patients with social phobia. In 2004, we conducted a randomized,(More)
BACKGROUND Dental anxiety is a significant cause of poor dental health. Because patients often prefer nonpharmacological interventions, the clinical effectiveness of clearly structured approaches is of particular interest. METHODS This prospective randomized controlled study compares a brief relaxation method (BR) with music distraction (MD) and with a(More)
Anger and aggression are typical in borderline patients. The goal of this study was to compare the efficacy of lamotrigine versus placebo in the treatment of aggression in women meeting the criteria for borderline personality disorder (BPD). We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of lamotrigine in 24 female subjects meeting(More)
BACKGROUND Plastination is a new technique for odorless preservation of cadavers. Public exhibition of cadavers has raised controversy but attracted many people. METHOD A total of 1078 visitors of the "Body Worlds" Exposition 2003 in Munich were surveyed about their emotional reactions, attitudes and health intentions to assess whether they learned more(More)
BACKGROUND 'Functional relaxation' (FR) according to Marianne Fuchs is a body-oriented psychotherapy that involves teaching the patient a type of relaxation techniques aimed at maintaining equilibrium of the nervous system. METHODS In order to determine whether the practice of elementary parts of this therapy has an immediate beneficial effect on(More)
BACKGROUND Depression is associated with increased aggression and diminished ability and quality of life. The goal of this study was to compare the efficacy of topiramate in influencing depressive symptoms, aggression, ability, and health related quality of life in depressive women. METHODS We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled(More)