Karin Steinbach

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Patients suffering from persisting sciatic pain 8 weeks following discectomy were compared with patients displaying low complaints and healthy, pain-free volunteers regarding their interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels, morning cortisol levels and degree of psychological distress. Whereas serum concentrations of IL-6 were measured by collecting blood samples between(More)
Neurons are postmitotic and thus irreplaceable cells of the central nervous system (CNS). Accordingly, CNS inflammation with resulting neuronal damage can have devastating consequences. We investigated molecular mediators and structural consequences of CD8(+) T lymphocyte (CTL) attack on neurons in vivo. In a viral encephalitis model in mice, disease(More)
Myelin-associated inhibition of axonal regrowth after injury is considered one important factor that contributes to regeneration failure in the adult central nervous system (CNS). Blocking strategies targeting this pathway have been successfully applied in several nerve injury models, including experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), suggesting(More)
In multiple sclerosis, an inflammatory disease of the central nervous system (CNS), axonal and neuronal loss are major causes for irreversible neurological disability. However, which molecules contribute to axonal and neuronal injury under inflammatory conditions remains largely unknown. Here we show that the transient receptor potential melastatin 4(More)
BACKGROUND Nogo-66 receptor NgR1 and its structural homologue NgR2 are binding proteins for a number of myelin-associated inhibitory factors. After neuronal injury, these inhibitory factors are responsible for preventing axonal outgrowth via their interactions with NgR1 and NgR2 expressed on neurons. In vitro, cells expressing NgR1/2 are inhibited from(More)
Neuronal differentiation and the formation of cell polarity are crucial events during the development of the nervous system. Cell polarity is a prerequisite for directed information flux within neuronal networks. In this article, we focus on neuro-glial cell interactions that influence the establishment of neural cell polarity and the directed outgrowth of(More)
During development, the formation of neural networks is reflected by the oriented extension of neurites. Using retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) as a model, we identified the yet uncharacterized chick semaphorin Sema3E/collapsin-5 as a repulsive cue for outgrowing axons. Sema3E/collapsin-5 was highly regulated during retinal histogenesis, with peak expression(More)
Guided formation and extension of axons versus dendrites is considered crucial for structuring the nervous system. In the chick visual system, retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) extend their axons into the tectum opticum, but not into glial somata containing retina layers. We addressed the question whether the different glia of retina and tectum opticum(More)
The 2-lysophosphatidylcholine analog edelfosine induces apoptosis in highly proliferating cells, e.g. activated immune cells. We examined mechanisms of action of edelfosine on immune functions in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis, a well-accepted animal model for multiple sclerosis. We observed activated caspase-3 expression in lymphoid organs and(More)
During the development of the central nervous system (CNS), the correct wiring of outgrowing neurites is mediated by antagonistic mechanisms. Aberrant growth is prevented by repulsive factors such as semaphorins. Expression of the ligands Sema3A and -3E and the receptors neuropilin Npn-1, -2a and -2b in the chick visual system were analyzed by RT-PCR.(More)