Learn More
Microglial cells are regulators of tissue homeostasis in the adult central nervous system and readily participate in pathological processes, orchestrating tissue remodeling. Cytokines produced by microglial cells are markers of cell activation and contribute to reactive processes. In this paper, we have studied the expression of IL-16 (leukocyte(More)
Human traumatic brain injury (TBI) is ideally suited for investigation of the kinetics of human microglial cell activation as the onset of lesion formation is precisely defined. The present study provides evidence of a distinct delay in macrophage/microglia response following TBI. Eighteen brains of patients who had survived TBI for 1 h to 6 months were(More)
Endothelial-monocyte activating polypeptide II (EMAP II) and allograft-inflammatory factor-1 (AIF-1) are two proteins produced by activated monocytes and microglial cells. We now report expression of these factors during experimental therapy of rat neuroautoimmune diseases. Comparative analysis of two therapeutic strategies, treatment with high doses of(More)
Inflammatory cellular responses to brain injury are promoted by proinflammatory messengers. Cyclooxygenases (prostaglandin endoperoxide H synthases [PGH]) are key enzymes in the conversion of arachidonic acid into prostanoids, which mediate immunomodulation, mitogenesis, apoptosis, blood flow, secondary injury (lipid peroxygenation), and inflammation. Here,(More)
Allograft inflammatory factor-1 (AIF-1) is a Ca2+-binding peptide that constitutes a potential modulator of macrophage activation and function during the immune response of the brain. Peptides termed microglia response factor-1 or ionized calcium-binding adaptor molecule- have been reported to be identical with AIF-1. We have investigated the expression of(More)
The leukocyte chemotactic factor (LCF) is a proinflammatory cytokine and natural soluble ligand to the human CD4 molecule. LCF is produced by CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes and is considered essential to the influx of CD4+ T lymphocytes and macrophages into an inflammatory lesion. In order to investigate the role of LCF in the multiple sclerosis (MS) lesion,(More)
The proliferation, migration and differentiation of dentate gyrus stem and precursor cells have aroused keen interest. Neogenin and RGMb are expressed in non-overlapping compartments of the developing dentate gyrus. While Neogenin is expressed in migrating and proliferating dentate precursors, RGMb is localized in structures bordering the developing(More)
Certain DNA sequences containing motifs of unmethylated CpG nucleotides are immunostimulatory and might contribute to the development of inflammatory lesions after infections. CpG motifs might further contribute to side effects of oligonucleotide-based therapeutic approaches. Here we have analyzed the effects of intracranial injections of synthetic CpG(More)
The enzyme heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is reducing heme to the gaseous mediator carbon monoxide, to iron and the antioxidant biliverdin. The inducible expression of HO-1 is considered a protective cellular mechanism against reactive oxygen intermediates. Further, carbon monoxide (CO) is a regulator of cGMP synthesis, of NO-synthetases and cyclooxygenases,(More)
Youth Health and Wellness in Alameda County 2006 iii Acknowledgements We would like to acknowledge the partnership between the Alameda County School-Based Health Center Coalition and the Alameda County Public Health Department's (ACPHD's) Community Assessment, Planning and Education (CAPE) Unit and Maternal, Paternal, Child and Adolescent Health Unit for(More)
  • 1