Karin Schenck-Gustafsson

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OBJECTIVE This study was conducted to investigate associations between psychosocial risk factors, including social isolation, anger and depressive symptoms, and heart rate variability in healthy women. METHODS The study group consisted of 300 healthy women (median age 57.5 years) who were representative of women living in the greater Stockholm area. For(More)
BACKGROUND The role of chronic stress in coronary artery disease (CAD) is not well known. Conflicting results have been obtained with regard to the stress hormone cortisol and 'vital exhaustion', a psychological construct defining the effects of long-term stress. We investigated the relationship between chronic stress, assessed by serum cortisol and vital(More)
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the most important cause of death and disability among older women. A 50-year-old woman has a 46% risk of having CHD and a 31% risk of dying from it. Female CHD patients have a distinct clinical presentation, which includes more severe thromboembolic disease without coronary arteriosclerosis. Syndrome X also appears to be(More)
OBJECTIVES Ascertain the extent of differences between men and women in dispensed drugs since there is a lack of comprehensive overviews on sex differences in the use of prescription drugs. DESIGN Cross-sectional population database analysis. METHODS Data on all dispensed drugs in 2010 to the entire Swedish population (9.3 million inhabitants) were(More)
OBJECTIVE This study evaluated the ability of mental stress testing to discriminate between women with and without CHD, and among women with different disease manifestations, taking into account history of hypertension and beta-blocker use. METHODS Analyses were based on data from a community-based case-control study of women aged 65 years or younger. The(More)
AIMS Social relations have been repeatedly linked to coronary heart disease in men, even after careful control for standard risk factors. Women have rarely been studied and results have not been conclusive. We investigated the role of social support in the severity and extent of coronary artery disease in women. METHODS AND RESULTS One hundred and(More)
BACKGROUND Biological and sociocultural differences between men and women may play an important role in medical treatment. Little is known about the awareness of these differences among general practitioners (GPs) and if they consider such differences in their medical practice. The aim of this study was to explore GPs' perception of sex and gender aspects(More)
BACKGROUND It is common that physicians go to work while sick and therefore it is important to understand the reasons behind. Previous research has shown that women and men differ in health and health related behavior. In this study, we examine gender differences among general practitioners who work while sick. METHODS General practitioners (GP's) working(More)
BACKGROUND The proportion of women in medicine is approaching that of men, but female physicians are still in the minority as regards positions of power. Female physicians are struggling to reach the highest positions in academic medicine. One reason for the disparities between the genders in academic medicine is the fact that female physicians, in(More)