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S ignificant advances in our knowledge about interventions to prevent cardiovascular disease (CVD) have occurred since publication of the first female-specific recommendations for preventive cardiology in 1999. 1 Despite research-based gains in the treatment of CVD, it remains the leading killer of women in the United States and in most developed areas of(More)
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the leading cause of mortality both in men and women. In Europe, about 55% of all females' deaths are caused by CVD, especially coronary heart disease and stroke. Unfortunately, however, the risk of heart disease in women is underestimated because of the perception that women are 'protected' against ischaemic heart disease.(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate endothelial function measured as flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) of the brachial artery and blood markers of cardiovascular disease in young female endurance athletes with menstrual disturbance. Age- and body mass index-matched groups of young endurance athletes with amenorrhea (n = 14), oligomenorrhea (n = 9), and(More)
Athletic amenorrhea has been associated with endothelial dysfunction and unfavorable lipid profile. Estrogen substitution may reverse these metabolic consequences. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of oral contraceptives (OCs) on endothelial function measured as flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) of the brachial artery, the lipid profile, and(More)
With increased longevity and more women becoming centenarians, management of the menopause and postreproductive health is of growing importance as it has the potential to help promote health over several decades. Women have individual needs and the approach needs to be personalised. The position statement provides a short integral guide for all those(More)
INTRODUCTION There is emerging evidence on the widespread tissue effects of vitamin D. AIMS To formulate a position statement on the role of vitamin D in postmenopausal women. MATERIALS AND METHODS Literature review and consensus of expert opinion. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS Epidemiological and prospective studies have related vitamin D deficiency with(More)
AIMS The main purpose of the present study was to analyse the contemporary use of cardiovascular medications and diagnostic coronary angiography in men and women with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). Furthermore, we examined the association of outcomes (death, myocardial infarction, repeat coronary angiography, procedural complications) with(More)
Institute of Gender in Medicine, Center for Cardiovascular Research, Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Hessische Str. 3-4, 10115 Berlin, Germany; International Society for Gender Medicine; DZHK (German Centre for Cardiovascular Research), partner site Berlin, Germany; Bispebjerg Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Bispebjerg Bakke 23, 2400 Copenhagen,(More)
INTRODUCTION Premature ovarian failure (also known as premature menopause) is defined as menopause before the age of 40. It can be "natural" or "iatrogenic" such as after bilateral oophorectomy. It may be either primary or secondary. In the majority of cases of primary POF the cause is unknown. Chromosome abnormalities (especially X chromosome),(More)
BACKGROUND The question of whether gender-related disparities still exist in the treatment and outcomes of patients presenting with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) remains controversial. Using data from 4 registries spanning a decade, we sought to determine whether sex-related differences have persisted over time and to examine the treating physician's(More)