Karin S. Froebel

Learn More
The factors necessary for protective immunity against HIV-1 are unknown. Important information about these factors should come from study of people at high risk of HIV infection who have not apparently become infected. Among these are the estimated 60-85% of children who may be exposed in utero or perinatally to HIV-1 but do not become infected. We observed(More)
The cell mediated immune response was evaluated in vivo in 29 patients with clinically severe haemophilia by means of the dinitrochlorobenzene skin test. All patients had a response below the median normal value, and in 19 the response was on or below the lower limit of the normal range. There was no difference in skin response between patients positive and(More)
The expression of markers defining functional subpopulations on the surface of CD4 and CD8 cells changes with disease. To monitor these changes in children, it is important to establish the age-related normal changes in marker expression due to maturation of the immune system. We have studied the expression of several functionally important molecules on(More)
77 Scottish haemophiliacs and 22 Danish haemophiliacs were serologically tested for antibodies to human T-cell leukaemia virus III (HTLV-III). Since 1979 the Scottish patients had been treated largely with factor VIII concentrate produced in Scotland, whereas all but 2 of the Danish patients had received both locally prepared concentrate and commercial(More)
A 13-year-old female presented with photosensitivity, recurrent aphthous ulcers and discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE)-like skin lesions. These symptoms have been linked to the carrier status of chronic granulomatous disease (CGD). Neutrophil (PMN) function was investigated by nitroblue tetrazolium reduction test and chemiluminescence. A severe impairment of(More)
Lymphocyte proliferation is a widely used technique to assess immune competence. However, the technique is subject to a large degree of variation, some biological and some technical. In this study, the components of variation in whole blood proliferation assays were analysed over time, using both antibody and mitogenic stimulants. The levels of variation(More)
T-cell immunity was investigated in eight patients with non-tuberculous mycobacterial disease, to see whether impaired immune function might be the explanation for their infection. Cellular immune function was evaluated in vitro by measuring the proliferation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells in response to both non-specific mitogens(More)
Scottish patients with haemophilia, most of whom had received no American factor VIII concentrate for over two years, were found to have immunological abnormalities similar to those in their American counterparts--that is, a reduced proportion of T helper cells, an increased proportion of T suppressor cells, and a reduced response to concanavilin A. Factor(More)
HIV-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) are thought to play a major role in viral control in HIV-infected adults. Changes in the relative proportions of CD8 lymphocyte subpopulations are also thought to be associated with disease progression. Less is known about the relative effectiveness of CTL against different HIV targets, or about the relationship,(More)