Karin Pleban

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P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is an energy-dependent multidrug efflux pump conferring resistance to cancer chemotherapy. Characterization of the mechanism of drug transport at a molecular level represents an important prerequisite for the design of pump inhibitors, which resensitize cancer cells to standard chemotherapy. In addition, P-glycoprotein plays an(More)
Resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene) is found in grapes and various medical plants. Among cytotoxic, antifungal, antibacterial cardioprotective activity resveratrol also demonstrates non-selective cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibition. In order to find more selective COX-2 inhibitors a series of methoxylated and(More)
The membrane bound drug efflux pump P-glycoprotein (P-gp) transports a wide variety of functionally and structurally diverse cytotoxic drugs out of tumour cells. Overexpression of P-glycoprotein is one of the predominant mechanisms responsible for development of multiple drug resistance in tumour therapy. Thus, inhibition of P-gp represents a promising(More)
In line with our studies on propafenone-type inhibitors of P-glycoprotein (P-gp), we applied several methods to approach virtual screening tools for identification of new P-gp inhibitors on one hand and the molecular basis of ligand-protein interaction on the other hand. For virtual screening, a combination of autocorrelation vectors and selforganising(More)
Lipophilicity is one of the major determining physicochemical descriptors for P-glycoprotein (P-gp) inhibitory activity. Recently, Pajeva and Wiese showed that in case of P-gp interaction, lipophilicity may be regarded as space-directed property. In the present study, a series of propafenone-type P-gp inhibitors with systematically varying hydrophobicity(More)
Multidrug resistance presents a major obstacle to the treatment of infectious diseases and cancer. LmrA, a bacterial ATP-dependent multidrug transporter, mediates efflux of hydrophobic cationic substrates, including antibiotics. The substrate-binding domain of LmrA was identified by using photo-affinity ligands, proteolytic degradation of LmrA, and(More)
LmrA is an ATP dependent multidrug transporter from Lactococcus lactis conferring antibiotic resistance to 17 out of 21 most frequently administered antibiotics. Starting from the dimeric crystal structure of Vc-MsbA, we built two homology models, with NBD:NBD interfaces reflecting the nonenergized and energized state, respectively. The TMD:TMD topology of(More)
Iron is an essential growth component in all living organisms and plays a central role in numerous biochemical processes due to its redox potential and high affinity for oxygen. The use of iron chelators has been suggested as a novel therapeutic approach towards parasitic infections, such as malaria, sleeping sickness and leishmaniasis. Known iron chelating(More)
The drug efflux pump P-glycoprotein (P-gp) has been shown to promote multidrug resistance (MDR) in tumors as well as to influence ADME properties of drug candidates. Here we synthesized and tested a series of benzophenone derivatives structurally analogous to propafenone-type inhibitors of P-gp. Some of the compounds showed ligand efficiency and lipophilic(More)
The very late antigen-4 (VLA-4), also known as integrin alpha4beta1, is expressed on monocytes, T- and B-lympohocytes, basophils, and eosinophils and is involved in the massive recruitment of granulocytes in different pathological conditions such as multiple sclerosis and asthma. VLA-4 interacts with its endogenous ligand VCAM-1 during chronic inflammation,(More)
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