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Axon growth across the Drosophila midline requires Comm to downregulate Robo, the receptor for the midline repellent Slit. We show here that comm is required in neurons, not in midline cells as previously thought, and that it is expressed specifically and transiently in commissural neurons. Comm acts as a sorting receptor for Robo, diverting it from the(More)
Here we show that interference with the integrity of the transepithelial permeability barrier of mouse mammary epithelial cells by treatment with synthetic peptides, homologous to the second extracellular domain of occludin, decreased the amount of occludin protein present at tight junctions and led to the formation of multilayered, unpolarized cell(More)
CD44, the major cell surface receptor for hyaluronic acid (HA), was shown to localize to detergent-resistant cholesterol-rich microdomains, called lipid rafts, in fibroblasts and blood cells. Here, we have investigated the molecular environment of CD44 within the plane of the basolateral membrane of polarized mammary epithelial cells. We show that CD44(More)
The Saccharomyces cerevisiae SAC1 gene encodes an integral membrane protein of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and the Golgi apparatus. Yeast SAC1 mutants display a wide array of phenotypes including inositol auxotrophy, cold sensitivity, secretory defects, disturbed ATP transport into the ER, or suppression of actin gene mutations. At present, it is not(More)
In epithelial cells, endocytosed transferrin and its receptor, which cycle basolaterally, have been shown to transit through recycling endosomes which can also be accessed by markers internalized from the apical surface. In this work, we have used an in vitro assay to follow transfer of an endocytosed marker from apical or basolateral early endosomes to(More)
We used flow cytometry to sort and analyze apical and basolateral endocytic vesicles from filter-grown Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells after membrane internalization of the lipophilic fluorescent probe trimethylamino-diphenylhexatriene. Western blot analysis of sorted fractions showed enrichment of the early endosomal markers transferrin receptor and(More)
Epithelial cells of the mammary gland possess the inherent capacity to form epithelial monolayers in vitro. This requires coordination of cell migration, cell-cell contact formation, and cell proliferation. Using time-lapse phase contrast videomicroscopy we have observed mammary gland epithelial cells over different time scales. We show the generation of a(More)
Since vertical tissue sections used for the study of the human cutaneous nervous system inherently allow visualization of only a small part of the mainly horizontally oriented cutaneous nerves, we searched for possibilities to extend this view. We now propose a method based on the immuno-staining of dermal sheet preparations for subsequent analysis by(More)
CD44, the major cell surface receptor for hy-aluronic acid (HA), was shown to localize to detergent-resistant cholesterol-rich microdomains, called lipid rafts, in fibroblasts and blood cells. Here, we have investigated the molecular environment of CD44 within the plane of the basolateral membrane of polarized mam-mary epithelial cells. We show that CD44(More)
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