Karin Moelling

Learn More
Activation of the protein kinase Raf can lead to opposing cellular responses such as proliferation, growth arrest, apoptosis, or differentiation. Akt (protein kinase B), a member of a different signaling pathway that also regulates these responses, interacted with Raf and phosphorylated this protein at a highly conserved serine residue in its regulatory(More)
Extracellular signals often result in simultaneous activation of both the Raf-MEK-ERK and PI3K-Akt pathways (where ERK is extracellular-regulated kinase, MEK is mitogen-activated protein kinase or ERK kinase, and PI3K is phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase). However, these two signaling pathways were shown to exert opposing effects on muscle cell hypertrophy.(More)
We have recently shown that the Ras-Raf-MEK-ERK and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-Akt signaling pathways can cross-talk in the human breast cancer cell line MCF-7. High Raf activity induces growth arrest and differentiation in these cells, whereas high PI3K/Akt activity correlates with cell survival and proliferation. Here we show that the Raf-Akt(More)
The AF-6/afadin protein, which contains a single PDZ domain, forms a peripheral component of cell membranes at specialized sites of cell-cell junctions. To identify potential receptor-binding targets of AF-6 we screened the PDZ domain of AF-6 against a range of COOH-terminal peptides selected from receptors having potential PDZ domain-binding termini. The(More)
The nucleocapsid (NC) protein of human immunodeficiency virus HIV-1 (NCp7) is responsible for packaging the viral RNA by recognizing a packaging site (PSI) on the viral RNA genome. NCp7 is a molecule of 55 amino acids containing two zinc fingers, with only the first one being highly conserved among retroviruses. The first zinc finger is flanked by two basic(More)
Transient macromolecular complexes are often formed by protein-protein interaction domains (e.g. PDZ, SH2, SH3, WW) which recognize linear sequence motifs with in vitro affinities typically in the micromolar range. The analysis of the resulting interaction networks requires a quantification of domain specificity and selectivity towards all possible ligands(More)
BACKGROUND Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) may cause prolonged outbreaks of infections in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). While the specific factors favouring MRSA spread on neonatal wards are not well understood, colonized infants, their relatives, or health-care workers may all be sources for MRSA transmission. Whole-genome(More)
The stimulation of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) receptors shifts vascular smooth muscle (VSM) cells toward a more proliferative phenotype. Thrombin activates the same signaling cascades in VSM cells, namely the Ras/Raf/MEK/ERK and the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase)/Akt pathways. Nonetheless, thrombin was not mitogenic, but rather(More)
IL-12 is thought to induce a cytokine cascade with antiangiogenic effects mediated by IFN-gamma and angiostatic CXCR3 chemokine ligands. Naked DNA intramuscular injection of an expression vector plasmid producing IL-12 resulted in significant, well-tolerated elevation of serum IL-12 levels. Injection of the IL-12 plasmid at least 2 days, and up to 20 days,(More)
AF6 is a human multi-domain protein involved in signaling and organization of cell junctions during embryogenesis. Its homologue in rat is called afadin. Three different AF6 transcripts are known, but only isoform 1 (AF6i1) has been characterized as protein. We focused on the AF6 isoform 3 (AF6i3), which differs from the AF6i1 by an additional C-terminal(More)