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Drug release from and coating morphology on a CYPHER sirolimus-eluting coronary stent (SES) during in vitro elution were studied by correlated confocal Raman and atomic force microscopy (CRM and AFM, respectively). Chemical surface and subsurface maps of the SES were generated in the same region of interest by CRM and were correlated with surface topography(More)
Temperature gradient focusing (TGF) is a recently developed technique for the simultaneous concentration and electrophoretic separation of ionic analytes in microfluidic channels. One drawback to TGF as it has previously been described is the limited peak capacity; only a small number of analyte peaks (approximately 2-3) can be simultaneously focused and(More)
Raman spectroscopy was used to differentiate each component found in the CYPHER Sirolimus-eluting Coronary Stent. The unique spectral features identified for each component were then used to develop three separate calibration curves to describe the solid phase distribution found on drug-polymer coated stents. The calibration curves were obtained by(More)
Collagens are integral structural proteins in animal tissues and play key functional roles in cellular modulation. We sought to discover collagen model peptides (CMPs) that would form triple helices and self-assemble into supramolecular fibrils exhibiting collagen-like biological activity without preorganizing the peptide chains by covalent linkages. This(More)
Fast transient microboiling has been characterized on modified gold microheaters using a novel laser strobe microscopy technique. Microheater surfaces of different hydrophobicity were prepared using self-assembled monolayers of hexadecane thiol (hydrophobic) and 16-mercaptohexadecanol (hydrophilic) as well as the naturally hydrophilic bare gold surface. The(More)
A new technique is demonstrated for the simultaneous concentration and high-resolution separation of chiral compounds. With temperature gradient focusing, a combination of a temperature gradient, an applied electric field, and a buffer with a temperature-dependent ionic strength is used to cause analytes to move to equilibrium, zero-velocity points along a(More)
This report describes a new method for the concentration and separation of neutral and/or hydrophobic analytes based on a combination of the analytes' electrophoretic mobility, and affinity for partitioning into a micellar phase. Micellar affinity gradient focusing (MAGF) works by creating a gradient in the micellar retention factor. An electric field is(More)
Two types of DNA hybridization assays are demonstrated with temperature gradient focusing (TGF) and peptide nucleic acids (PNAs). In TGF, the application of a controlled temperature gradient along the length of a microchannel filled with an appropriate temperature-dependent buffer results in the formation of a gradient in both the electric field and(More)
An atomic force microscopy (AFM) method was developed to quantify the adhesion forces between and cohesive forces within the layers of a drug-eluting stent (DES). Surface pairs representing both the individual components and the complete chemistry of each layer within the DES were prepared. As a model, the CYPHER Sirolimus-eluting Coronary Stent was(More)
Multivariate data analysis was applied to confocal Raman measurements on stents coated with the polymers and drug used in the CYPHER Sirolimus-eluting Coronary Stents. Partial least-squares (PLS) regression was used to establish three independent calibration curves for the coating constituents: sirolimus, poly(n-butyl methacrylate) [PBMA], and(More)
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